Audio and Music

From Just Solve the File Format Problem
(Difference between revisions)
Jump to: navigation, search
(Game audio and music)
 
(42 intermediate revisions by 9 users not shown)
Line 5: Line 5:
 
|caption=Musical notation
 
|caption=Musical notation
 
}}
 
}}
 
== Introduction ==
 
 
[[Electronic_File_Formats|Electronic Formats]] concerned with audio and musical data, including sound recording, instrument control, musical notation, etc.
 
[[Electronic_File_Formats|Electronic Formats]] concerned with audio and musical data, including sound recording, instrument control, musical notation, etc.
  
 +
For additional multimedia formats that may contain audio, see [[Video]].
 +
 +
== Introduction ==
 
* For an excellent introduction to the issues around audio and video formats, see [http://www.avpreserve.com/blog/a-primer-on-codecs-for-moving-image-and-sound-archives-2/ A Primer on Codecs for Moving Image and Sound Archives - and 10 Recommendations for Codec Selection & Management] [http://www.avpreserve.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/04/AVPS_Codec_Primer.pdf PDF version]
 
* For an excellent introduction to the issues around audio and video formats, see [http://www.avpreserve.com/blog/a-primer-on-codecs-for-moving-image-and-sound-archives-2/ A Primer on Codecs for Moving Image and Sound Archives - and 10 Recommendations for Codec Selection & Management] [http://www.avpreserve.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/04/AVPS_Codec_Primer.pdf PDF version]
 
* [http://www.garymcgath.com/streamingprotocols.html Basics of streaming protocols]
 
* [http://www.garymcgath.com/streamingprotocols.html Basics of streaming protocols]
 +
 +
== Album formats ==
 +
(files containing entire music albums, with some track structure)
 +
* [[Connected Media Experience]] (CME, CMX)
 +
* [[iTunes LP]]
  
 
== Audio and sequencer software ==
 
== Audio and sequencer software ==
Line 53: Line 59:
 
* Pro Tools
 
* Pro Tools
 
** [[PTS]] (Pro Tools 7-9)  
 
** [[PTS]] (Pro Tools 7-9)  
** [[PTX]] (Pro Tools 10)
+
** [[PTX (Pro Tools)|PTX]] (Pro Tools 10)
 
* Propellerhead Reason
 
* Propellerhead Reason
 
** [[Propellerhead Reason NN-XT Patch File]] (.sx2)
 
** [[Propellerhead Reason NN-XT Patch File]] (.sx2)
Line 65: Line 71:
 
** [[Renoise instrument]] (.xrni)
 
** [[Renoise instrument]] (.xrni)
 
** [[Renoise DSP device-chain]] (.xrnt)
 
** [[Renoise DSP device-chain]] (.xrnt)
 +
* Roxio
 +
** [[DMSE]] (Sound Editor project)
 +
** [[DMSA]] (Music Disc Creator project)
 
* SeaTone
 
* SeaTone
 
** [[SeaTone song]] (.pxt)
 
** [[SeaTone song]] (.pxt)
 +
* [[SoundDesigner II]] (.sd2)
 
* Steinberg
 
* Steinberg
 
** [[CUBASE]]
 
** [[CUBASE]]
Line 88: Line 98:
 
** [[DTS-HD]] (Lossless variant of DTS- DTS-HD Master Audio)
 
** [[DTS-HD]] (Lossless variant of DTS- DTS-HD Master Audio)
 
** [[FLAC]] (Free Lossless Audio Codec)
 
** [[FLAC]] (Free Lossless Audio Codec)
 +
** [[Kexis]] (.kxs)
 
** [[LA]] (Lossless Audio)
 
** [[LA]] (Lossless Audio)
 
** [[LiteWave]]
 
** [[LiteWave]]
 
** [[LPAC]] (Lossless Predictive Audio Coding)
 
** [[LPAC]] (Lossless Predictive Audio Coding)
 +
** [[MKW]]
 
** [[MLP]] (Meridian Lossless Packing Audio)
 
** [[MLP]] (Meridian Lossless Packing Audio)
 
** [[Monkey's Audio]] (.ape)
 
** [[Monkey's Audio]] (.ape)
Line 117: Line 129:
 
*** [[VOX]]
 
*** [[VOX]]
 
** [[Adaptive Multi-Rate WideBand Audio]]
 
** [[Adaptive Multi-Rate WideBand Audio]]
 +
** [[Archimedes VIDC audio]]
 
** ATRAC or [[Adaptive Transform Acoustic Coding]] (.aa3, .oma, .at3)
 
** ATRAC or [[Adaptive Transform Acoustic Coding]] (.aa3, .oma, .at3)
 
** [[Audible Audiobook]] (.aa, .aax)
 
** [[Audible Audiobook]] (.aa, .aax)
Line 130: Line 143:
 
** [[MP2]] (MPEG-1 Audio Layer II)
 
** [[MP2]] (MPEG-1 Audio Layer II)
 
** [[MP3]] (MPEG-1 / MPEG-2 Audio Layer III)
 
** [[MP3]] (MPEG-1 / MPEG-2 Audio Layer III)
 +
*** [[packMP3]]
 
** [[MPA]] (MPEG Audio)
 
** [[MPA]] (MPEG Audio)
 
** [[Musepack Audio]] (.mpc)
 
** [[Musepack Audio]] (.mpc)
Line 135: Line 149:
 
** [[RealAudio]] (.ra)
 
** [[RealAudio]] (.ra)
 
** [[Speex]] (.spx)
 
** [[Speex]] (.spx)
 +
** [[SWA]]
 
** [[Vorbis]] (.logg, .oga, .ogg)
 
** [[Vorbis]] (.logg, .oga, .ogg)
 
** [[WMA]] (Windows Media Audio)
 
** [[WMA]] (Windows Media Audio)
Line 162: Line 177:
 
** [[Bonk]] (lossy/lossless audio compression)
 
** [[Bonk]] (lossy/lossless audio compression)
 
** [[INRS-Telecom file]] (.aud)
 
** [[INRS-Telecom file]] (.aud)
 +
** [[SIFF]] (.son)
 
** [[SPPACK]] (.d)
 
** [[SPPACK]] (.d)
 
** [[WVE (Psion)]]
 
** [[WVE (Psion)]]
Line 178: Line 194:
 
* [[Core Audio Format]] (.caf)
 
* [[Core Audio Format]] (.caf)
 
* [[Extensible Music Format]] (.xmf)
 
* [[Extensible Music Format]] (.xmf)
 +
* [[IFF]]
 
* [[Matroska Audio]] (.mka)
 
* [[Matroska Audio]] (.mka)
 
* [[MP4]] (MPEG-4 Part 14 media container)
 
* [[MP4]] (MPEG-4 Part 14 media container)
 
* [[Ogg]] (.ogg, .oga, .ogx, .spx, .opus)
 
* [[Ogg]] (.ogg, .oga, .ogx, .spx, .opus)
 +
* [[Qualcomm QCP]] (Purevoice)
 
* [[Rich Music Format]] (.rmf)
 
* [[Rich Music Format]] (.rmf)
 
* [[RealMedia]] (.rm)
 
* [[RealMedia]] (.rm)
Line 194: Line 212:
 
* [[3G2]] (3GPP, also a video format)
 
* [[3G2]] (3GPP, also a video format)
 
* [[3GP]] (3GPP, also a video format)
 
* [[3GP]] (3GPP, also a video format)
* [[Atari SoundHeader]] (.sndh)
+
* [[Atari SoundHeader]] (SNDH)
 
* [[AY]] (Amstrad CPC / ZX Spectrum)
 
* [[AY]] (Amstrad CPC / ZX Spectrum)
 +
* [[AZX]] (ZX Spectrum)
 +
* [[Custom Amiga Module]] (CUST)
 
* [[DSF]] (Dreamcast [[Portable Sound Format|PSF]])
 
* [[DSF]] (Dreamcast [[Portable Sound Format|PSF]])
 
* [[EPSGMOD]] (.epsgmod, Mod2PSG)
 
* [[EPSGMOD]] (.epsgmod, Mod2PSG)
Line 206: Line 226:
 
* [[KSS]] (MSX)
 
* [[KSS]] (MSX)
 
* [[KSSX]] (Possible expansion of [[KSS]])
 
* [[KSSX]] (Possible expansion of [[KSS]])
* [[MDX]] (Sharp X68000 / MXDRV)
+
* [[MDX (X68000)|MDX]] (Sharp X68000 / MXDRV)
 
* [[NES Sound Format]] (.nsf)
 
* [[NES Sound Format]] (.nsf)
 
* [[NES Sound Format Extended]] (.nsfe)
 
* [[NES Sound Format Extended]] (.nsfe)
Line 213: Line 233:
 
* [[PSF2]] (Playstation 2 [[PSF]])
 
* [[PSF2]] (Playstation 2 [[PSF]])
 
* [[QSF]] (Capcom Q-Sound [[PSF]])
 
* [[QSF]] (Capcom Q-Sound [[PSF]])
 +
* [[SC68]] (Atari ST / Atari STE / Amiga)
 
* [[SGC]] (Sega Master System / Game Gear / Colecovision)
 
* [[SGC]] (Sega Master System / Game Gear / Colecovision)
* [[SID]] (Commodore)
+
* [[SID]] (Commodore 64)
* [[SND]] (Atari ST)
+
 
* [[SPC (Audio)|SPC]] (Super Nintendo SPC700)
 
* [[SPC (Audio)|SPC]] (Super Nintendo SPC700)
 
* [[SSF]] (Sega Saturn [[Portable Sound Format|PSF]])
 
* [[SSF]] (Sega Saturn [[Portable Sound Format|PSF]])
Line 250: Line 270:
 
** [[AMOS Music Bank]] (.abk)
 
** [[AMOS Music Bank]] (.abk)
 
** [[AMOS Memory Bank#AMOS Samples Bank|AMOS Samples Bank]] (.abk)
 
** [[AMOS Memory Bank#AMOS Samples Bank|AMOS Samples Bank]] (.abk)
 +
** [[Amos Basic Konverter]] (.ambk)
 
** [[Art & Magic]] (.aam)
 
** [[Art & Magic]] (.aam)
 
** [[Audio Sculpture]] (.as)
 
** [[Audio Sculpture]] (.as)
 
** [[Beathoven Synthesiser]] (.bss)
 
** [[Beathoven Synthesiser]] (.bss)
 +
** [[Ben Replay]] (.ben)
 
** [[Benn Daglish]] (.bd)
 
** [[Benn Daglish]] (.bd)
 
** [[Benn Daglish SID]] (.bds)
 
** [[Benn Daglish SID]] (.bds)
Line 277: Line 299:
 
** [[FWMP]] (.fw)
 
** [[FWMP]] (.fw)
 
** [[Game Music Creator]] (.gmc)
 
** [[Game Music Creator]] (.gmc)
 +
** [[Gnu Player]] (.gp)
 
** [[Hippel]] (.hip)
 
** [[Hippel]] (.hip)
 
** [[Hippel-COSO]] (.hipc)
 
** [[Hippel-COSO]] (.hipc)
Line 316: Line 339:
 
** [[ProPacker 2.1]] (.pp21)
 
** [[ProPacker 2.1]] (.pp21)
 
** [[ProPacker 3.0]] (.pp30)
 
** [[ProPacker 3.0]] (.pp30)
** [[Prorunner 1.0]] (.prun1)
+
** [[Prorunner]] (.prun1, .prun2)
** [[Prorunner 2.0]] (.prun2)
+
 
** [[Richard Joseph]] or Vectordean (.rjp)
 
** [[Richard Joseph]] or Vectordean (.rjp)
 
** [[Rob Hubbard]] (.rh, .rho)
 
** [[Rob Hubbard]] (.rh, .rho)
Line 323: Line 345:
 
** [[Sean Connolly]] (.scn)
 
** [[Sean Connolly]] (.scn)
 
** [[Sean Conran]] (.scr)
 
** [[Sean Conran]] (.scr)
** [[Sidmon]] (.sid)
+
** [[Sidmon]] (.sid, .sid2)
** [[Sidmon II]] (.sid2)
+
 
** [[Silmarils]] (.mok)
 
** [[Silmarils]] (.mok)
 
** [[SKYT Packer]] (.skyt)
 
** [[SKYT Packer]] (.skyt)
Line 342: Line 363:
 
** [[Synth Pack]] (.osp)
 
** [[Synth Pack]] (.osp)
 
** [[The Musical Enlightenment]] (.tme)
 
** [[The Musical Enlightenment]] (.tme)
** [[The Player 2.2a]] (.p22a)
+
** [[The Player]] (.p22a, .p30a, .p40a, .p40b, .p50a, .p60a, .p61a)
** [[The Player 3.0a]] (.p30a)
+
** [[The Player 4.0a]] (.p40a)
+
** [[The Player 4.0b]] (.p40b)
+
** [[The Player 5.0a]] (.p50a)
+
** [[The Player 6.0a]] (.p60a)
+
** [[The Player 6.1a]] (.p61a)
+
 
** [[Titanics Player]] (.ttp)
 
** [[Titanics Player]] (.ttp)
 
** [[Tracker Packer 1]] (.tp1)
 
** [[Tracker Packer 1]] (.tp1)
Line 355: Line 370:
 
** [[Thomas Hermann]] (.thm)
 
** [[Thomas Hermann]] (.thm)
 
** [[Wally Beben]] (.wb)
 
** [[Wally Beben]] (.wb)
 +
** [[Wanton Packer]] (.wn)
 +
** [[XANN Packer]] (.xann)
 +
** [[Zen Packer]] (.zen)
 
* CRI Middleware
 
* CRI Middleware
 
** [[ADX]]
 
** [[ADX]]
Line 417: Line 435:
 
** [[DE2]] (ADPCM)
 
** [[DE2]] (ADPCM)
 
** [[Xbox IMA ADPCM]] (.matx, .wavm, .wvs, .xmu, .xvas, .xwav)
 
** [[Xbox IMA ADPCM]] (.matx, .wavm, .wvs, .xmu, .xvas, .xwav)
 +
* Mojang AB (Minecraft)
 +
** [[Minecraft sounds.json]]
 
* Nintendo
 
* Nintendo
 
** [[Advanced Mario Sequencer file]] (.mss)
 
** [[Advanced Mario Sequencer file]] (.mss)
Line 475: Line 495:
 
* Origin Software
 
* Origin Software
 
** [[Ultima 6 Music]] (.m)
 
** [[Ultima 6 Music]] (.m)
 +
* PC-98 and PC-88
 +
** [[Professional Music Driver PMD]] (.m, .m2)
 
* Pixel
 
* Pixel
 
** [[PMD (Pixel)]]
 
** [[PMD (Pixel)]]
Line 578: Line 600:
  
 
== Music trackers ==
 
== Music trackers ==
 +
(For more on this subject, listen to [https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=v0nNuUKeh6o Jason Scott Talks His Way Out Of It: The Music Tracker Episode].)
  
 
* [[1tracker module]] (.1tm)
 
* [[1tracker module]] (.1tm)
Line 585: Line 608:
 
* [[Amiga Module]] (.mod)
 
* [[Amiga Module]] (.mod)
 
* [[AProSys module]] (.aps)
 
* [[AProSys module]] (.aps)
* [[Archimedes Tracker module]]
+
* [[Archimedes Tracker module]] (.musx)
 
* [[Arkos Tracker]] (.aks)
 
* [[Arkos Tracker]] (.aks)
 
* [[Art of Noise module]] (.aon)
 
* [[Art of Noise module]] (.aon)
Line 657: Line 680:
 
* Future Composer
 
* Future Composer
 
** [[Future Composer v1.x module]] (.fc)
 
** [[Future Composer v1.x module]] (.fc)
 +
** [[Future Composer v1.3 module]] (.fc13)
 +
** [[Future Composer v1.4 module]] (.fc14)
 
* Future Composer (BSI)
 
* Future Composer (BSI)
 
** [[Future Composer (BSI) module]]
 
** [[Future Composer (BSI) module]]
Line 696: Line 721:
 
* [[MOD Edit sample]] (.sam)
 
* [[MOD Edit sample]] (.sam)
 
* [[Module Protector + noID]] (.mp)
 
* [[Module Protector + noID]] (.mp)
 +
* Microdeal Quartet
 +
** [[4V]]
 
* Moonblaster (MSX)
 
* Moonblaster (MSX)
 
** [[Moonblaster music]] (.mbm)
 
** [[Moonblaster music]] (.mbm)
Line 723: Line 750:
 
** [[OctaMED v5 module]] (.mmd2)
 
** [[OctaMED v5 module]] (.mmd2)
 
** [[OctaMED SS module]] (.mmd3)
 
** [[OctaMED SS module]] (.mmd3)
 +
** [[MED Packer]] (.mmdc)
 
* Oktalyzer
 
* Oktalyzer
 
** [[Oktalyzer module]] (.okt, .okta)
 
** [[Oktalyzer module]] (.okt, .okta)
Line 792: Line 820:
 
** [[Theta Music Composer v2.x module]] (.tm2)
 
** [[Theta Music Composer v2.x module]] (.tm2)
 
* [[Trackerpacker 3 module]] (.tp3)
 
* [[Trackerpacker 3 module]] (.tp3)
 +
* [[Unic Tracker 1.0]] (.unic1)
 +
* [[Unic Tracker 2.0]] (.unic2)
 
* [[Ultra Tracker]] (.ult)
 
* [[Ultra Tracker]] (.ult)
 
* [[Velvet Studio AMS v1.x module]] (.ams)
 
* [[Velvet Studio AMS v1.x module]] (.ams)
Line 818: Line 848:
 
** [[MSS (MIDI)|MSS]] ([[MIDI]] Clone)
 
** [[MSS (MIDI)|MSS]] ([[MIDI]] Clone)
 
** [[RIFF MIDI]]
 
** [[RIFF MIDI]]
 +
** [[RIFF MIDS]]
 
** [[Scalable Polyphony MIDI]]
 
** [[Scalable Polyphony MIDI]]
 
** [[SFARK]] (SoundFont archive compressed file)
 
** [[SFARK]] (SoundFont archive compressed file)
Line 938: Line 969:
 
*** [[CapXML]] (.capx)
 
*** [[CapXML]] (.capx)
 
** [[ChordML]]
 
** [[ChordML]]
 +
** [[ConcertWare]]
 
** Copyist
 
** Copyist
 
*** [[CP4]]
 
*** [[CP4]]
Line 1,022: Line 1,054:
 
* [[RAM (RealAudio)]]
 
* [[RAM (RealAudio)]]
 
* [[SMIL]] (W3C open standard)
 
* [[SMIL]] (W3C open standard)
* [[WPL]] (Windows Media Playlist)
+
* [[Windows Media Metafile]] (.asx, .wax, .wxv)
 +
* [[Windows Media Playlist]] (.wpl)
 
* [[XML Sharable Playlist]]
 
* [[XML Sharable Playlist]]
  
Line 1,070: Line 1,103:
 
* [[ACM]] (Audio Compression Manager)
 
* [[ACM]] (Audio Compression Manager)
 
* [[ADM]] (ADM Audio File)
 
* [[ADM]] (ADM Audio File)
 +
* [[Audfprint fingerprint file]] (.afpk)
 +
* [[AVR]]
 
* [[B1S]]
 
* [[B1S]]
 
* [[BDSP]] (BotDetect Sound Package)
 
* [[BDSP]] (BotDetect Sound Package)
 
* [[BVG]]
 
* [[BVG]]
 
* [[CBD2]]
 
* [[CBD2]]
 +
* [[DeskMate Music]] (.sng)
 +
* [[DeskMate Sound]] (.snd)
 
* [[DSM]] (DSIK Internal)
 
* [[DSM]] (DSIK Internal)
 
* [[DSPW]]
 
* [[DSPW]]
Line 1,093: Line 1,130:
 
* [[MSF]]
 
* [[MSF]]
 
* [[MTAF]]
 
* [[MTAF]]
 +
* [[The Music Studio|Music Studio, The]] (Activision / Audio Light) (.sng, .song, .mss, .snd, .sound)
 
* [[S98]] (NEC PC-98)
 
* [[S98]] (NEC PC-98)
 
* [[SD]] (ESPS sampled data file)
 
* [[SD]] (ESPS sampled data file)
* [[SGI]] (Sound Generator 3.0 instrument)
+
* [[SGI (Sound Generator)|SGI]] (Sound Generator 3.0 instrument)
 
* [[SNG (SCC Musixx)|SNG]] (SCC Musixx)
 
* [[SNG (SCC Musixx)|SNG]] (SCC Musixx)
 
* [[Sound Effect Editor]] (.see, MSX)
 
* [[Sound Effect Editor]] (.see, MSX)
 +
* [[SoundHelix XML]]
 
* [[TFMX]] (TFMX)
 
* [[TFMX]] (TFMX)
 
* [[Vivaldi]] (RISC OS)
 
* [[Vivaldi]] (RISC OS)

Latest revision as of 17:35, 26 May 2020

File Format
Name Audio and Music
Ontology

Musical notation

Musical notation

Electronic Formats concerned with audio and musical data, including sound recording, instrument control, musical notation, etc.

For additional multimedia formats that may contain audio, see Video.

Contents

[edit] Introduction

[edit] Album formats

(files containing entire music albums, with some track structure)

[edit] Audio and sequencer software

[edit] Audio recording and sound waves

[edit] Chiptune

[edit] Configuration files

  • X2A (Yamaha S70xs/S90xs keyboard workstations)

[edit] Container formats

[edit] Converters

[edit] Emulated music

[edit] Game audio and music

(see also Game data files)

[edit] Metadata formats and related data

[edit] Music trackers

(For more on this subject, listen to Jason Scott Talks His Way Out Of It: The Music Tracker Episode.)

[edit] Musical instrument control

[edit] Musical notation

[edit] Playlists, music libraries, music store downloaders

[edit] Programming languages and APIs (audio/music-specific)

[edit] Ringtones

[edit] Signal processing

These aren't specific file formats, but generic mathematical methods used by other file formats.

[edit] Sound card related formats

[edit] Speech synthesis

[edit] Unclassified (need to move to other categories)

See the Open Cubic Player homepage for a list of demo formats: http://www.cubic.org/player/features.html

See also Piano Rolls (which is under the Physical File Formats).

[edit] Links

Personal tools
Namespaces

Variants
Actions
Navigation
Toolbox