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RDT (Resident Evil 1997) - Just Solve the File Format Problem

RDT (Resident Evil 1997)

From Just Solve the File Format Problem
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File Format
Name RDT (Resident Evil 1997)
Ontology
Extension(s) .rdt

This content was first retrieved from the Internet Archive's Wayback Machine for the date 2017-11-25 from the following URL: https://web.archive.org/web/20171125230810/http://rewiki.regengedanken.de/wiki/.RDT_(Resident_Evil)

The .RDT file format is used to stored the description of a room in Resident Evil on Playstation or PC. It should contain the camera position (to correctly display 3D objects), the background images and sprites used to draw the scene, description of when to change camera, position of enemies when entering room, and so on...

Contents

Structure

The values are stored in Little-Endian order.

The file is always named roomSXX0.rdt (or roomSXX1.rdt). S is the game status/stage. XX is the location number.

Header

A RDT file starts with this header, to store count for different objects.

typedef struct {
  char unknown0;
  char num_cameras; /* Number of cameras of the room */
  char num_sound_banks; /* Number of sound banks, stored at offset 18 ? */
  char unknown1[3];
  unsigned short unknown2[3];

  /* An array of 3 elements of unknown structure */
  rdt_header_part_t unknown3[3];
} rdt_header_t;

<pre>
typedef struct {
  long unknown_pos_x; /* Unknown 3D position */
  long unknown_pos_y;
  long unknown_pos_z;
  unsigned long unknown0[2];
} rdt_header_part_t;

Object list

Following the header, we have an array of 19 absolute offsets to various objects in the file.

Offset Purpose
0 Camera switches (*.RVD)
1 Collision Boundaries for 3D Models (*.SCA)
2 TMD/TIM; points to 2 offsets which are: offset to a TMD file, and offset to a TIM file (used for item models)
3 TMD/TIM; points to 2 offsets which are: offset to a TMD file, and offset to a TIM file (used for obstacles & moveable objects)
4 Block data (*.BLK)
5 Footstep sound zones (*.FLR)
6 Initialization Script(s) (*.SCD)
7 Execution Script 0 (*.SCD)
8 Execution Script 1 (*.SCD)
9 Skeleton animation (*.EMR)
10 Skeleton animation steps (*.EDD)
11 Message text(s) (*.MSG)
12 RAW image (*.RAW), points to several RAW images used for example by Offset 2 for item images
13 Effect animation index (*.ESP)
14 Effect animation data (*.EFF); points to a list of relative offsets to read the EFF/ESP data (read backwards!)
15 Effect animation sprite image(s) (*.TIM); points to the last of those images used for effects
16 Sound attribute table (*.SND); points to a table which is 192 bytes in size
17 offset to a VAB header file (*.VH)
18 offset to VAB sound file (*.VB)

Camera positions (*.RID)

At absolute offset 0x94 in a file, you'll find an array of 'num_cameras' items with this structure:

typedef struct {
	long masks_offset;	/* Offset to image mask definition */
	long tim_masks_offset;	/* Offset to TIM file that contains image masks, if not zero */
	long camera_from_x;	/* Position of the camera */
	long camera_from_y;
	long camera_from_z;
	long camera_to_x;	/* Where the camera is looking to */
	long camera_to_y;
	long camera_to_z;
	long unknown1[3];
} rdt_camera_t;

Camera masks (*.PRI)

The masks_offset is an offset to an extra structure, which has following header:

typedef struct {
	unsigned short count_offsets;	/* Number of global offsets, or 0xffff for none */
	unsigned short unknown;
} rdt_masks_t;

Then you have 'rdt_mask_offset_t' items, which have a 8-byte length. Summing all 'count' fields should equal the 'count_masks' of the rdt_masks_t structure.

typedef struct {
	unsigned short count;	/* Number of masks, with which to use this structure */
	unsigned short unknown;
	unsigned short dst_x;	/* Destination position on background image/screen, to be added */
	unsigned short dst_y;
} rdt_mask_offset_t;

And then you have 'rdt_[rect|square]_mask_t' items, which have either 12-byte (rectangular mask) or 8-byte length (square mask). The length is 12 if byte 7 (rdt_square_mask_t.size field) is zero, and 8 otherwise. The 'depth' value is the Z distance of the mask from the camera (low value=near, high value=far).

typedef struct {
	unsigned char src_x;	/* Source position in horr/usa/objspr/ospSSRRC.pak image file */
	unsigned char src_y;
	unsigned char dst_x;	/* Destination position on background image/screen */
	unsigned char dst_y;
	unsigned short depth;	/* Distance/16 from camera */
	unsigned char unknown;
	unsigned char size;	/* Width and height of mask */
} rdt_square_mask_t;
typedef struct {
	unsigned char src_x;	/* Source position in horr/usa/objspr/ospSSRRC.pak image file */
	unsigned char src_y;
	unsigned char dst_x;	/* Destination position on background image/screen */
	unsigned char dst_y;
	unsigned short depth;	/* Distance/16 from camera */
	unsigned short zero;
	unsigned short width, height;	/* Dimensions of mask */
} rdt_rect_mask_t;

Offset 0 (*.RVD) - Camera zones/switches

At offset 0, you'll find the list of camera switches for the current room. The list end with the first 4 bytes are 0xffffffff (i.e for cam0 and cam1 values).

typedef struct {
  unsigned short to; /* Camera number to switch to */
  unsigned short from; /* Camera number to switch from */
  short x1,y1; /* Zone the player must enter to switch camera */
  short x2,y2;
  short x3,y3;
  short x4,y4;
} rdt_camera_switch_t;

If the 'to' value = 9, then it is a zone, defining the area in which the switches will work and 3D objects will be visible while this camera is used, else it is a camera switch.

Offset 1 (*.SCA) - Collision Boundaries for 3D Models

At offset 1, you'll find the boundary collision data for the current room.

The first 24 bytes are the header which is using the following structure:

typedef struct {
  unsigned short Cx; /* Ceiling x value */
  unsigned short Cz; /* Ceiling z value */
  unsigned long counts[5]; /* Number of objects = sum of these 5 long values */
} rdt_sca_header_t;

Followed by the header, the individual boundary entries start.

typedef struct {
  unsigned short x1; /* X of the top-left corner of the boundary plane/object */
  unsigned short z1; /* Z of the top-left corner of the boundary plane/object */
  unsigned short x2; /* X of the bottom-right corner of the boundary plane/object */
  unsigned short z2; /* Z of the bottom-right corner of the boundary plane/object */
  unsigned short type; /* type of the boundary plane/object (01=Standard; 03=Circle etc.) */
  unsigned short floor; /* floor value/ 256 = floor value for use in the game as height definition */ 
} rdt_sca_obj_t;

After this the data block ends with a 4 byte unsigned long holding the total size of the SCA data block in bytes.

Offset 2 (*.TMD/*.TIM) - Item 3D model & texture pointers

This is an array of N structures of the following format, used by script instruction OM_SET (0x1f).

typedef struct {
	unsigned long tmd_offset;
	unsigned long tim_offset;
} rdt_offset2_t;

Offset 3 (*.TMD/*.TIM) - Room 3D model & texture pointers

This is an array of N structures of the following format, used by script instruction OM_SET (0x1f).

typedef struct {
	unsigned long tmd_offset;
	unsigned long tim_offset;
} rdt_offset3_t;

Offset 4 (*.BLK) - Block data

It's unknown what this data is used for. It defines plane based areas that look like "inversed" collision boundaries.

unsigned short int Amount;	/* Amount of elements */

typedef struct {
        unsigned short x1;          /* X of the top-left corner of the object */
        unsigned short z1;          /* Z of the top-left corner of the object */
        unsigned short x2;          /* X of the bottom-right corner of the object */
        unsigned short z2;          /* Z of the bottom-right corner of the object */
	unsigned short int Dir_bit;
	unsigned short int Abut;
} rdt_blk_obj_t;

unsigned short int unknown;	/* unknown; follows after last structure */

rdt_blk_obj_t Block[Amount];

Offset 5 (*.FLR) - Floor/footstep sound areas

This data defines the footstep sound areas and which sound to use. It is also related to the script opcode, 'Flr_set'.

unsigned short int Amount;	/* Amount of elements */
typedef struct {
	signed short int x;         /* x coordinate where the area is drawn from */
        signed short int y;         /* y coordinate where the area is drawn from */
	signed short int x_width;   /* x width of the area */
        signed short int y_width;   /* y width of the area */
	unsigned short int sound;   /* footstep ID sound to use */
} rdt_flr_obj_t;

rdt_flr_obj_t Floor[Amount];

Offset 6 (*.SCD) - Scenario data

This is the initialisation script for the room. It starts with an unsigned short giving the length of the script in bytes. Then follows the script, in bytecode-style.

Byte Instruction Length Description
Byte Instruction Length Description
0x00 Nop 2
0x01 If 2
typedef struct {
	unsigned char opcode; /* 0x01 */
	unsigned char block_length;
} script_if_t;

This structure is followed by one or several conditions for the if (condition) instruction. Any condition evaluated to false will end the if () block.

0x02 Else 2 Follows: byte with ELSE block length. Note: it's either If/Endif, or If/Else; there is no If/Else/Endif sequence.
0x03 End If 2
0x04 BIT_TEST 4 Bit test
typedef struct {
	unsigned char opcode;	/* 0x04 */
	unsigned char object;
	unsigned char param;	/* Bits 7-5: Longword index in object, see array following */
				/* Bits 4-0: Bit number to test */
	unsigned char op;	/* Operation */
				/* 0x00:test bit is 0 */
				/* 0x01:test bit is 1 */
} script_bit_test_t;
0x05 BIT_OP 4 Bit operation
typedef struct {
	unsigned char opcode;	/* 0x05 */
	unsigned char object;	/* Number of object to operate on, see array following */
	unsigned char param;	/* Bits 7-5: Longword index in object */
				/* Bits 4-0: Bit number to clear/set/change is (31-this field value) */
	unsigned char op;	/* Operation */
				/* 0x00:clear bit */
				/* 0x01:set bit */
				/* 0x02:change bit */
} script_bit_op_t;
0x06 OBJ06_TEST 4 Compare values
typedef struct {
	unsigned char opcode;	/* 0x06 */
	unsigned char src;	/* Index in some object for source value */
				/* 0x00:Current stage */
				/* 0x01:Current room */
				/* 0x02:Current camera */
				/* 0x03:Stage and room */
				/* 0x04:Previous/next camera */
				/* 0x05:? */
				/* 0x06:? */
				/* 0x07:? Used in instruction 0x1a */
				/* 0x08:? Used in instruction 0x1c */
				/* 0x09:Flags for current camera */
	unsigned char func;	/* Compare function */
				/* 0x00:EQ */
				/* 0x01:LT */
				/* 0x02:LE */
				/* 0x03:GT */
				/* 0x04:GE */
				/* 0x05:NE */
	char param;		/* Raw value to compare against */
} script_obj06_test_t;
0x07 OBJ07_TEST 6 Compare values
typedef struct {
	unsigned char opcode;	/* 0x07 */
	unsigned char dummy;
	unsigned char src;	/* Word index in some object for source value */
				/* (not the same object as instruction 0x06) */
	unsigned char func;	/* Compare function */
				/* 0x00:EQ */
				/* 0x01:LT */
				/* 0x02:LE */
				/* 0x03:GT */
				/* 0x04:GE */
				/* 0x05:NE */
	short param;		/* Raw value to compare against */
} script_obj07_test_t;
0x08 STAGEROOMCAM_SET 4 Set value for stage, room or camera
typedef struct {
	unsigned char opcode;	/* 0x08 */
	unsigned char id;	/* 0: stage, 1: room, 2: camera */
	unsigned short value;
} script_stageroomcam_set_t;
0x09 CUT_SET 2 Switch to prev/next camera, set it as current camera
0x0a CUT_SET 2 Switch to current camera, set it as prev/next camera
0x0b  ? 4
0x0c DOOR_SET 26 TODO: find where next_camera is stored
typedef struct {
	unsigned char opcode;	/* 0x0c */
	unsigned char id;
	short x,y,w,h;
	unsigned char unknown0[5];
	unsigned char next_stage_and_room;	/* bits 7,6,5: stage, 4,3,2,1,0: room */
	short next_x,next_y,next_z;
	short next_dir;
	unsigned short unknown1;
} script_door_set_t;

Note: if stage=0, we must keep current stage, else switch stage.

0x0d ITEM_SET 18 Pickable items, objects, obstacles
typedef struct {
	unsigned char opcode;	/* 0x0d */
	unsigned char id;
	short x,y,w,h;
	unsigned char type;	/* 0x02: message, obstacle? */
				/* 0x07: trigger,event,movable object? */
				/* 0x08: box */
				/* 0x09: pickable object, trigger? */
				/* 0x10: typewriter */
	unsigned char unknown[7];
} script_item_set_t;
0x0e Nop 2
0x0f  ? 8
typedef struct {
	unsigned char opcode;	/* 0x0f */
	unsigned char bitmask;
	unsigned short unknown[3];
} script_inst0f_t;
0x10 OBJ10_TEST 2 Check if obj10 has value given as parameter
typedef struct {
	unsigned char opcode;	/* 0x10 */
	char value;
} script_obj10_test_t;
0x11 OBJ11_TEST 2 Check if obj11 has value given as parameter
typedef struct {
	unsigned char opcode;	/* 0x11 */
	char value;
} script_obj11_test_t;
0x12 Item 0x12 10 Typewriter? Stairs?
typedef struct {
	unsigned char opcode;	/* 0x12 */
	unsigned char id;
	unsigned char unknown0[2];
	short unknown1[3];
} script_inst12_t;
0x13 Item 0x13 4
typedef struct {
	unsigned char opcode;	/* 0x13 */
	unsigned char id;
	unsigned char unknown0[2];
} script_inst13_t;
0x14  ? 4
typedef struct {
	unsigned char opcode;	/* 0x14 */
	unsigned char dummy;
	unsigned char param1;
	unsigned char param2;
} script_inst14_t;
0x15  ? 2
0x16  ? 2 Volume set?
0x17  ? 10
0x18 ITEM_MODEL_SET 26
typedef struct {
	unsigned char opcode;	/* 0x18 */
	unsigned char id;
	unsigned char unknown[24];
} script_item_model_set_t;
0x19 OBJ19_SET 4 Set value in obj19
typedef struct {
	unsigned char opcode;	/* 0x09 */
	unsigned char src;	/* Index in some object */
	char value;		/* New value */
	unsigned char dummy;
} script_obj19_set_t;
0x1a  ? 2
0x1b EM_SET 22 Entity (enemy, other character)
typedef struct {
	unsigned char opcode;	/* 0x1b */
	unsigned char model;
	unsigned char unknown0;
	unsigned char killed;	/* 0xff for non enemy, else index in killed array to avoid respawn */
	unsigned char unknown1[2];
	unsigned short unknown1;
	unsigned short a;
	unsigned short unknown2;
	unsigned short x;
	unsigned short y;
	unsigned short z;
	unsigned char id;	/* ID of entity, used for example for EM_POS_SET */
	unsigned char unknown3[3];
} script_em_set_t;
0x1c  ? 6
typedef struct {
	unsigned char opcode;	/* 0x1c */
	unsigned char unknown0;
	unsigned short unknown1[2];
} script_inst1c_t;
0x1d  ? 2
0x1e  ? 4
typedef struct {
	unsigned char opcode;	/* 0x1e */
	unsigned char unknown0;
	unsigned short unknown1;
} script_inst1e_t;
0x1f OM_SET 28 Movable (crate, statue) or animated (lid) objects?
typedef struct {
	unsigned char opcode;	/* 0x1f */
	unsigned char id;	/* Bits 5-0: Index in array stored at offset 2 of RDT file */
	unsigned char type;	/* 0x11: safe lid ? */
	unsigned char unknown[25];
} script_om_set_t;
0x20 PLAYER_POS_SET 14 Change player position and direction
typedef struct {
	unsigned char opcode;	/* 0x20 */
	unsigned char dummy;
	unsigned short unknown0,angle,unknown1;
	unsigned short x,y,z;
} script_player_pos_set_t;
0x21 EM_POS_SET 14 Change entity position and direction
typedef struct {
	unsigned char opcode;	/* 0x21 */
	unsigned char id;
	unsigned short dummy;
	unsigned short angle;
	unsigned short unknown;
	unsigned short x,y,z;
} script_em_pos_set_t;
0x22  ? 4
0x23  ? 2
typedef struct {
	unsigned char opcode;	/* 0x23 */
	unsigned char flag;
} script_inst23_t;
0x24  ? 4
0x25  ? 4
0x27  ? 2
0x28  ? 4,6 or 8
0x29  ? 2 Select sound bank?
0x2a  ? 12
0x2b  ? 4
0x2c  ? 2
0x2d  ? 4
0x2f  ? 4
0x30  ? 12
0x31  ? 4
0x32  ? 4
0x33  ? 2 or 4
0x34  ? 8
0x35  ? 4
0x36  ? 4
0x37  ? 4 Set value for internal array
typedef struct {
	unsigned char opcode;	/* 0x37 */
	unsigned char row;	/* row (0-7) column (0-31) for internal byte array */
	unsigned char col;
	unsigned char value;
} script_inst37_t;
0x38  ? 4
0x39  ? 2
0x3a  ? 4
0x3b  ? 6
0x3c  ? 6
0x3d  ? 12
0x3e  ? 2
0x3f  ? 6
0x40  ? 16
0x41  ? 4
0x42  ? 4
0x43  ? 4
0x44  ? 2
0x45  ? 2
0x46  ? 2+12*n+2*m (was 44)
0x47  ? 14
0x48  ? 2
0x49  ? 2
0x4a  ? 2
0x4b  ? 2
0x4c  ? 4 Set value in OBJ06 ?
typedef struct {
	unsigned char opcode;	/* 0x4c */
	unsigned char unknown[3];
} script_inst4c_t;
0x4d  ? 2
0x4e  ? 4
0x4f  ? 2
0x50  ? 2

Objects for bit operations

Object number Description
0  ?
1  ?
2  ?
3  ?
4  ?
5 Game status. Bit 23:Player character (0: Chris, 1: Jill, or vice versa).
6  ?
7  ?
8  ?
9  ?

Offset 7 (*.SCD) - Execution script for room

This script is run regularly to update stuff in current room. It follows same structure as the one at offset 6.

Offset 8, Script events ?

This structure starts with a NULL terminated list of unsigned long, which are offsets relative to start of this object. These offsets store also some bytecodes, different than those above.

Byte Instruction Length Description
0xf6  ? 1 Init some stuff related to instruction 0xf7
0xf7  ? 1
0xf8  ? 1 Init some stuff related to instruction 0xf8
0xf9  ? 1 or 3
0xfa For 4 Initialize a for loop.
typedef struct {
	unsigned char opcode; /* 0xfa */
	unsigned char dummy;
	unsigned short count;
} event_for_t;
0xfb Next 1
0xfc Set_Inst variable Initialize bytecode instruction to execute later.
typedef struct {
	unsigned char opcode; /* 0xfc */
	unsigned char block_length;
	unsigned char bytecode_inst[];
} event_set_inst_t;
0xfd Exec_inst 1 Execute bytecode instruction previously set with 0xfc instruction.
0xfe Sleep, process next event 1
0xff Disable event 1

Offset 9 (*.EMR) - Skeleton animation

See File/Section 0 of EMD (Resident Evil 1997).

Offset 10 (*.EDD) - Skeleton animation steps

See File/Section 1 of EMD (Resident Evil 1997).

Offset 11 (*.MSG) - Text messages

First, you have an arrays of unsigned short, which are relative offsets to the beginning of this object. So the number of items is the first offset/2 (if we are lucky that the first offset always has the lowest value).

It contains the texts for cutscenes, dialogs, examining objects.

Conversion table, from byte to ASCII value:

Offset 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
0x00 . ? ? ? ( ) ? ? ? ? ? 0 1 2 3
0x10 4 5 6 7 8 9  : ? , "  !  ? ? A B C
0x20 D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S
0x30 T U V W X Y Z [ / ] ' - ? a b c
0x40 d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s
0x50 t u v w x y z ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?

Codes above 0x57 may also be different given the language, for characters with trema, accents and the like. The complete character table to use resides in the image file horr/[country]/data/fontus.tim, in the second zone of the image.

There are also some formatting codes:

0x01 End of text
0x02 Carriage return
0x03 Pause
0x08 Yes/No question
0x74 "S." string
0x75 "T." string
0x76 "A." string
0x77 "R." string
0x79 ". " string
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