Bibliographic data

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File Format
Name Bibliographic data
Ontology

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Formats specific to the storage and transmission of bibliographic data, finding aids and reference lists.

Contents

Bibliography formats

  • BIBFRAME (framework under development for bibliographic classes and properties)
  • BibJSON format for bibliographic data transmission [1]
  • BibTeX (.bib)
  • Dublin Core (.dcx)
  • EAD (Encoded Archival Data, for archival finding aids)
  • EndNote file format (.enl)
  • ISO 2709 (format used in MARC)
  • MADS Metadata Authority files in XML (MARC21) [2]
  • MODS [3]
  • MPEG21-DIDL
  • ONIX XML-based bibliographic format used by publishers
  • OPAC format used over Z39.50; appends library holdings information to a Marc record
  • RefMan (.ris) (Bibliographic plain text format - can be used to import/export citations to proprietary EndNote/ReferenceManager or non-proprietary Zotero)
  • SUTRS Simple Unstructured Text Representation, a loosely defined format for transmission of bibliographic data over Z39.50

Library cataloguing

Metaformats

Tools and applications

  • Zotero (research and legal citation tool)

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