XOWA

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File Format
Name XOWA
Ontology
Extension(s) .xowa, .sqlite
Released 2013[1][2]

XOWA is a program for viewing of offline copies of Wikipedia and other Wikimedia wikis. These copies are stored in SQLite files with the extension ".xowa"; they may also have the extension ".sqlite"[3], although this does not seem to be in current use. Wikis up for download online are always split between several of these files: a "core" (index), "file core" (media index), file data, and media data.[4] XOWA either stores pre-generated HTML, which takes up less space, or raw wiki markup, which is slower to view because of the need for extra rendering.[3]

There seems to be much more activity around the ZIM format, which has the same purpose (although it can only hold rendered HTML pages).

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References

  1. Earliest files in https://sourceforge.net/projects/xowa/files/support/
  2. Introduction into Wikipedia offline viewers list: https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Wikipedia:Database_download&diff=next&oldid=548758626
  3. 3.0 3.1 http://xowa.org/home/wiki/App/Databases/Overview
  4. e.g. https://archive.org/download/Xowa_guwiki_latest
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