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File Format
Name C++
Extension(s) .cpp, .cc, .cxx, .c++, .h, .hh, .hpp
Released 1983

C++ began as a pre-processor for C, and eventually evolved into a programming language in its own right, adding object-oriented classes to a basic syntax still derived from C. It has achieved a great deal of popularity, and has been standardized as ISO/IEC 14882.

The name refers to the "increment" operator ++ applied to C, and is not the grade the language's creator received for it as a student project!

C# and Objective-C are other descendants of C which take different approaches to adding object-oriented classes.



ISO standard

The final standards are only released for a purchase fee, however the working drafts are available for free.[1]

Date Common name Standard name Last working draft[2]
unfinished C++17 ISO/IEC WD 14882 n4640.pdf
2014 C++14 ISO/IEC 14882:2014 n4140.pdf
2011 C++11 ISO/IEC 14882:2011 n3337.pdf
2003 C++03 ISO/IEC 14882:2003
1998 C++98 ISO/IEC 14882:1998

The C++ Programming Language

Written by the language creator Bjarne Stroustrup, the book served as the original C++ reference before being standardized.

Date Edition ISBN
2013 4th edition ISBN 0-321-56384-0
2000 Special edition ISBN 0-201-70073-5
1997 3rd edition ISBN 0-201-88954-4
1991 2nd edition ISBN 0-201-53992-6
1986 1st edition ISBN 0-201-12078-X

Compiler extensions

Compilers commonly include non-standard extensions that might be used.

See also



  1. https://isocpp.org/std/the-standard
  2. http://en.cppreference.com/w/Cppreference:FAQ#Which_revision_of_the_C.2B.2B_Standard_does_this_reference_adhere_to.3F
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