PDS

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|formattype=electronic
 
|formattype=electronic
 
|subcat=Graphics
 
|subcat=Graphics
|extensions={{ext|img}}, {{ext|lbl}},<br>{{ext|pds}}, others
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|extensions={{ext|img}}, {{ext|imq}}, {{ext|lbl}}, {{ext|pds}}, others
 
}}
 
}}
== Overview ==
 
 
'''PDS''' ('''Planetary Data System''') is a file format used by NASA to store images and associated scientific data.
 
'''PDS''' ('''Planetary Data System''') is a file format used by NASA to store images and associated scientific data.
  
A PDS document consists of a "label" section, and a binary data section. The sections may be combined into one file (which begins with the label), or stored in two separate files.
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This article describes PDS through version 3. Refer to [[PDS4]] for newer versions.
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PDS is based on [[ODL (NASA Object Description Language)|ODL]] format. A PDS document consists of a "label" section, and a binary data section. The sections may be combined into one file (which begins with the label), or stored in two separate files.
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The image data may be compressed, in which case the file extension '''.imq''' is usually used.
  
 
== Identification ==
 
== Identification ==
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A PDS version 3 label begins with a "PDS_VERSION_ID = PDS3" item.
 
A PDS version 3 label begins with a "PDS_VERSION_ID = PDS3" item.
  
Note that PDS label files can be used with file formats other than PDS, such as [[VICAR]].
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PDS label files can be used with file formats other than PDS, such as [[VICAR]] or [[JP2]].
  
 
== See also ==
 
== See also ==
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* [[PDS4]]
 
* [[VICAR]]
 
* [[VICAR]]
 
* [[Flexible Image Transport System|FITS]]
 
* [[Flexible Image Transport System|FITS]]
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== Specifications ==
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* [http://pds.nasa.gov/tools/standards-reference.shtml PDS Standards Reference]
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== Software ==
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* [[Image_Alchemy]]
  
 
== Sample files ==
 
== Sample files ==
 
* http://pds-imaging.jpl.nasa.gov/data/messenger/MSGRMDS_1001/DATA/
 
* http://pds-imaging.jpl.nasa.gov/data/messenger/MSGRMDS_1001/DATA/
 
* http://atmos.nmsu.edu/PDS/review/Jupiter/AMTN/JUPITER/RAW/
 
* http://atmos.nmsu.edu/PDS/review/Jupiter/AMTN/JUPITER/RAW/
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* http://pdsimage.wr.usgs.gov/Missions/Voyager/vg_0001/miranda/
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* http://cd.textfiles.com/nasavop/ ...
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* https://telparia.com/fileFormatSamples/image/pds/
  
 
== Resources ==
 
== Resources ==
* [http://www.fileformat.info/format/pds/egff.htm PDS File Format Summary]
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* {{EGFF|pds|PDS File Format Summary}}, from the [[Encyclopedia of Graphics File Formats]]
 
* [http://pds.nasa.gov/ Planetary Data System web site]
 
* [http://pds.nasa.gov/ Planetary Data System web site]
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* [http://www.textfiles.com/programming/FORMATS/pds_form.txt PDS overview (1995)]
  
 
[[Category:Scientific Data formats]]
 
[[Category:Scientific Data formats]]
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[[Category:Multi-file formats]]

Latest revision as of 19:56, 5 August 2020

File Format
Name PDS
Ontology
Extension(s) .img, .imq, .lbl, .pds, others

PDS (Planetary Data System) is a file format used by NASA to store images and associated scientific data.

This article describes PDS through version 3. Refer to PDS4 for newer versions.

PDS is based on ODL format. A PDS document consists of a "label" section, and a binary data section. The sections may be combined into one file (which begins with the label), or stored in two separate files.

The image data may be compressed, in which case the file extension .imq is usually used.

Contents

[edit] Identification

PDS labels can be encoded in either a "FIXED_LENGTH" format or a "VARIABLE_LENGTH" format. FIXED_LENGTH format is text-only, and items usually end with a carriage-return + newline. VARIABLE_LENGTH format is mostly text, but contains binary data before each item, to indicate its length.

A PDS version 2 label begins with an item that looks like "... = SFDU_LABEL".

A PDS version 3 label begins with a "PDS_VERSION_ID = PDS3" item.

PDS label files can be used with file formats other than PDS, such as VICAR or JP2.

[edit] See also

[edit] Specifications

[edit] Software

[edit] Sample files

[edit] Resources

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