For details about specific formats, see:
- JPEG 2000 codestream
- JP2 (base still image format)
- JPX (extended still image format)
- JPM (compound image format)
- MJ2 (motion JPEG 2000)
JPEG 2000 is sometimes incorrectly used as a synonym for JP2, and vice versa. Although JP2 might be the most important part of the JPEG 2000 standard, it is only one small part of it.
In some contexts, JPEG 2000 is used to mean the compressed codestream format, instead of the whole standard.
The terms JPEG 2000 and JPEG2000 (with and without a space) seem to be used interchangeably. The parts of the official specification that are freely available use only JPEG 2000, so that is probably the preferred form. But it must have been settled on late in the standardization process: even some of the committee drafts prefer JPEG2000.
The JPEG 2000 standard consists of many parts, including:
- Part 1: Core coding system. Defines JPEG 2000 codestream format and the JP2 file format.
- Part 2: Extensions. Defines JPX.
- Part 3: Motion JPEG 2000 (MJ2)
- Part 6: Compound image file format (JPM)
- Part 8: JPSEC
- Part 9: JPIP
- Part 10: JP3D
- Part 11: JPWL
- Part 12: ISO Base Media File Format
At the highest level, JPEG 2000 files (JP2, JPX, JPM, and MJ2, but not the codestream format) consist of a hierarchical sequence of tagged "boxes" (boxes/atoms format). It is the same format used by QuickTime and MP4, but with different terminology.
Most JPEG 2000-related files (but not the codestream format) begin with bytes
00 00 00 0c 6a 50 20 20 0d 0a 87 0a.
This byte sequence represents a box of type "
jP " (JPEG 2000 signature), which contains an arbitrary 4-byte signature (
0d 0a 87 0a).
The JPEG 2000 file formats (except JPEG 2000 codestream) use a concept called brands. (The term profile is sometimes used as a synonym for brand, but this can be confusing because profile is also used to mean any subformat, regardless of whether it has a corresponding brand.)
A brand corresponds to one of the major file formats (JP2, JPX, etc.), or a defined subformat of one of them. Each brand is assigned an identifier consisting of four ASCII characters.
Every JPEG 2000 file has a primary brand, indicating the major file format it is based on. The primary brand's identifier usually appears in the file at offset 20.
A file also has a compatibility list, containing any number of brands. The compatibility list usually begins at offset 28.
See Boxes/atoms format#Brands for more information about brands.
||Baseline JPX||JPX specification|
||Motion JPEG 2000||MJ2 specification|
||Motion JPEG 2000 Simple Profile||MJ2 specification|
See also the articles about the specific file formats. The most important specifications are not freely available, but the committee drafts are.
- JPEG 2000 Committee Drafts
- ITU-T Rec. T.800: JPEG 2000 (Part 1): Core coding system (not free to download)
- ITU-T Rec. T.801: JPEG 2000 (Part 2): Extensions (not free to download)
- ITU-T Rec. T.802: JPEG 2000 (Part 3): Motion JPEG 2000 (not free to download)
- ITU-T Rec. T.803: JPEG 2000 (Part 4): Conformance testing
- ITU-T Rec. T.804: JPEG 2000 (Part 5): Reference software
- ITU-T Rec. T.805: JPEG 2000 (Part 6): Compound image file format
- ITU-T Rec. T.807: JPEG 2000 (Part 8): Secure JPEG 2000
- ITU-T Rec. T.808: JPEG 2000 (Part 9): Interactivity tools, APIs and protocols
- ITU-T Rec. T.809: JPEG 2000 (Part 10): Extensions for three-dimensional data
- ITU-T Rec. T.810: JPEG 2000 (Part 11): Wireless
- ITU-T Rec. T.812: JPEG 2000: An entry level JPEG 2000 encoder
- ITU-T Rec. T.813: JPEG 2000: XML structural representation and reference
- RFC 3745: MIME Type Registrations for JPEG 2000
- ISO/IEC 15444
- jpeg2000 (fork of JJ2000, based on Sun JAI adaptation with JAI dependency removed)