Health and Medicine

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File Format
Name Health and Medicine



Biomedical signals (time series)

CPAP and oximeters (sleep apnea treatment)

These devices generally use proprietary data formats. The SleepyHead open-source software can read some of them.

Genetic data

See Scientific Data formats#Biological for more formats

Health & Fitness Tracking (consumer)

See also Smartwatch

Medical Imaging

  • Analyze AVW
  • Aperio SVS
  • BioRad confocal image
  • BRIK/HEAD (Voxel data from AFNI programs, dual-file (data and metadata, repectively))
  • DeltaVision
  • DICOM (Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine (.dcm))
  • gii (NIfTI offspring for brain surface data, single-file (combined data and meta-data) style)
  • IMG/HDR (ANALYZE or NIfTI voxel data, dual-file (separate data and metadata, respectively))
  • MGH (uncompressed)
  • MGZ (zip-compressed)
  • MINC (Medical Imaging NetCDF format; since version 2.0, based on HDF5 (.mnc))
  • MRC (Medical Research Council)
  • NII (Neuroimaging Informatics Technology Initiative (NIfTI) voxel data, single-file (combined data and metadata))
  • OME-TIFF (Open Microscopy Imaging format)
  • OME-XML (Open Microscopy Imaging format)
  • OST (Open Spatio-Temporal) (extensible, open alternative for microscope images)
  • SDM (Signed Differential Mapping- brain maps(.sdm))
  • TRK (Vector data describing tracts of neurons, used by TrackVis)

Medical Record Keeping and Transaction Processing



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