Video

From Just Solve the File Format Problem
(Difference between revisions)
Jump to: navigation, search
(Video stream formats)
(Uncategorized)
 
(47 intermediate revisions by 6 users not shown)
Line 4: Line 4:
 
|image=Clearview-hdtv-20351280340940ssqn.jpg
 
|image=Clearview-hdtv-20351280340940ssqn.jpg
 
}}
 
}}
 +
Formats related to video and multimedia.
  
 
== Introduction ==
 
== Introduction ==
Line 12: Line 13:
 
These formats are "monolithic" video formats, meaning that the file format and the encoding of the video data are tied to each other.
 
These formats are "monolithic" video formats, meaning that the file format and the encoding of the video data are tied to each other.
  
See also [[Graphics#Animated image formats|Graphics: Animated image formats]].
+
See also [[Graphics#Animated image formats]], and the [[#Video application formats]] section below.
  
 
* [[Ace Film]]
 
* [[Ace Film]]
* [[AVC (file format)]]
 
 
* [[Bink Video]] (BIK)
 
* [[Bink Video]] (BIK)
 +
* [[CDXL]]
 +
* [[CFAST Disney Animation Studio]]
 +
* [[The Complete Animator Film]]
 
* [[Cyber Paint Sequence]]
 
* [[Cyber Paint Sequence]]
 
* [[DPX]]
 
* [[DPX]]
* [[Enhanced VOB]]
 
 
* [[FLIC]] (FLI/FLC; animation format used by older Autodesk products)
 
* [[FLIC]] (FLI/FLC; animation format used by older Autodesk products)
 
* [[GRASP GL]] animation format
 
* [[GRASP GL]] animation format
 
* [[IFF-DEEP]]
 
* [[IFF-DEEP]]
* [[MJ2]]
+
* [[KWZ]]
* [[RealMedia Variable Bitrate]]
+
* [[MTV Movie (.MTV)]]
* [[RealVideo]]
+
* [[MTV Video (.AMV)]]
 +
* [[PPM (Flipnote)]]
 +
* [[PSMF]]
 +
* [[SGI movie]]
 
* [[Smacker]]/SMK (created by RadGameTools; mostly used in games)
 
* [[Smacker]]/SMK (created by RadGameTools; mostly used in games)
* [[WMV]]
+
* [[VDEO]]
 +
* [[WTV]]
  
 
==Video container formats==
 
==Video container formats==
These formats are only containers for video, which can contain videos in many different encodings (or even other data like audio)
+
These formats are only containers for video, which can contain videos in many different encodings (or even other data like audio).
  
* [[3G2]]
+
See also the [[#Video application formats]] section below, for some higher-level container-like formats.
* [[3GP]]
+
 
 +
* [[Advanced Recording Format]]
 
* [[ASF]]
 
* [[ASF]]
* [[AVI]]
+
* [[EBML]]
* [[F4V]]
+
** [[Matroska]]
 +
** [[WebM]]
 
* [[FLV]]
 
* [[FLV]]
* [[M4V]]
+
* [[ISO Base Media File Format]]
* [[Matroska]]
+
** [[MP4]]
* [[MK3D]]
+
** [[QuickTime]]
* [[MKV]]
+
* [[MPEG Program Stream]] (.mpg)
* [[MP4]]
+
* [[MPEG Transport Stream]]
 +
** [[M2TS]] (MPEG-2 based packet format used on [[Blu-ray Disc]]s)
 
* [[MXF]]
 
* [[MXF]]
* [[Ogg]] containers (with their variants OGM, OGV, etc.)
+
* [[Ogg]]
* [[QuickTime]]
+
** [[Ogg Skeleton]]
 +
** [[OGM]]
 +
* [[RealMedia]]
 
* [[Acorn Replay|Replay]]
 
* [[Acorn Replay|Replay]]
* [[VOB]]
+
* [[RIFF]]
* [[WebM]]
+
** [[AVI]]
 +
* [[Webex Recording Format]]
 +
* [[WOT]]
 +
 
 +
=== Single-stream container formats ===
 +
* [[MPEG Elementary Stream]]
 +
* [[Packetized Elementary Stream]] (packet format within MPEG streams)
  
 
==Video stream formats==
 
==Video stream formats==
These formats are raw bitstream formats commonly contained in one of the above containers (but not necessarily)
+
A.k.a. ''codecs'', these formats are raw bitstream formats commonly contained in one of the above containers (though some can be used on their own, in one way or another).
  
 +
* [[3ivx]] (this is just a fourcc for an MPEG-4 variant)
 
* [[Apple Intermediate Codec]]
 
* [[Apple Intermediate Codec]]
 +
* [[AV1]]
 
* [[Cineform]]
 
* [[Cineform]]
 
* [[Cinepak]]
 
* [[Cinepak]]
 
* [[Daala]]
 
* [[Daala]]
 
* [[Dirac]]
 
* [[Dirac]]
* [[H.264]]
+
* [[DivX]] (this is essentially MPEG-4 with some quirks)
 +
* [[EVC]]
 +
* [[FFV1]]
 +
* H.261 - See [[MPEG-1]]
 +
* H.262 - See [[MPEG-2]]
 +
* [[H.264]] (MPEG-4 AVC)
 
* [[HEVC]] (H.265)
 
* [[HEVC]] (H.265)
 
* [[HuffyYUV]]
 
* [[HuffyYUV]]
 
* [[Indeo]]
 
* [[Indeo]]
 +
* [[LCEVC]]
 
* [[Moving Blocks]] - Acorn Replay stream
 
* [[Moving Blocks]] - Acorn Replay stream
* [[MPEG]] and all of its variants ([[MPEG-1]], [[MPEG-2]], [[MPEG-4]], [[MPEG-H]], etc.)
+
* [[MSU Lossless Video Codec]]
** [[3ivx]] (this is just another fourcc for an MPEG-4 variant)
+
* [[NSV]] Nullsoft Streaming Video
** [[DivX]] (this is essentially MPEG-4 with some quirks)
+
** [[M2TS]] (MPEG-2 based packet format used on [[Blu-ray Disc]]s)
+
** [[Packetized Elementary Stream]] (packet format within MPEG streams)
+
** [[XviD]] (another MPEG-4 variant)
+
 
* [[QuickTime Animation]]
 
* [[QuickTime Animation]]
 
* [[Sorenson]] Video Codec
 
* [[Sorenson]] Video Codec
 +
* [[TechSmith Screen Capture Codec]]
 
* [[Theora]]
 
* [[Theora]]
 
* [[Thor]]
 
* [[Thor]]
Line 77: Line 99:
 
* [[VP8]]
 
* [[VP8]]
 
* [[VP9]]
 
* [[VP9]]
 +
* [[VVC]]
 +
* [[XviD]] (MPEG-4 variant)
 +
 +
== Video application formats ==
 +
An application format is a name for a set of restrictions and extensions to a standard container format. It may (or may not) be restricted to a small set of stream formats. Some such formats are called ''profiles''.
 +
 +
* [[3G2]]
 +
* [[3GP]]
 +
* [[AVC (file format)]]
 +
* [[DVR-MS]]
 +
* [[Enhanced VOB]]
 +
* [[F4V]]
 +
* [[MJ2]]
 +
* [[MK3D]]
 +
* [[MKV]]
 +
* [[MP4]], M4V
 +
* [[Ogg Skeleton]]
 +
* Ogg Theora - See [[Theora]]
 +
* [[OGM]]
 +
* OGV - See [[Ogg]]
 +
* [[Protected Interoperable File Format]] (PIFF)
 +
* [[RealMedia Variable Bitrate]]
 +
* RealVideo - See [[RealMedia]]
 +
* [[RIFF Multimedia Movie]] (.mmm)
 +
* [[VOB]]
 +
* [[WebM]]
 +
* [[WMV]]
 +
 +
== Standards suites ==
 +
* [[MPEG]]
 +
** [[MPEG-1]]
 +
** [[MPEG-2]]
 +
** [[MPEG-3]]
 +
** [[MPEG-4]]
 +
** [[MPEG-5]]
 +
** [[MPEG-A]]
 +
** [[MPEG-H]]
  
 
==Metadata formats==
 
==Metadata formats==
Line 104: Line 163:
 
* [[WebVTT]] (Web Video Text Tracks Format)
 
* [[WebVTT]] (Web Video Text Tracks Format)
 
* [[XSUB]] (XSUB subtitle format)
 
* [[XSUB]] (XSUB subtitle format)
 +
 +
==Annotation formats==
 +
* [[ELAN Annotation Format]]
  
 
==Interactive media files==
 
==Interactive media files==
Line 114: Line 176:
 
==Video Developer/Editor files==
 
==Video Developer/Editor files==
 
* [[Heroglyph Project Format]]
 
* [[Heroglyph Project Format]]
 +
* [[Kdenlive]]
 +
* [[Muvee]]
 +
* [[OpenShot]]
 +
* Roxio
 +
** [[DMSM]] (VideoWave project)
 +
** [[DMSS]] (VideoWave SlideShow Project)
 
* Sony Vegas
 
* Sony Vegas
 
** [[Sony Vegas project format]] (.veg)
 
** [[Sony Vegas project format]] (.veg)
 
** [[Sony Vegas Movie Studio project format]] (.vf)
 
** [[Sony Vegas Movie Studio project format]] (.vf)
 
** [[Sony Vegas window layout format]] (.vegaswindowlayout)
 
** [[Sony Vegas window layout format]] (.vegaswindowlayout)
 +
* [[Wax]]
 +
* [[Wink]]
 +
* [[Winmorph]]
  
 
==Video streaming services==
 
==Video streaming services==
Line 136: Line 207:
  
 
See [[Radio]] for more details of how such broadcasts are transmitted.
 
See [[Radio]] for more details of how such broadcasts are transmitted.
 +
 +
== Teletext ==
 +
Services that transmitted text or other data within a broadcast signal, and protocols and formats they used
 +
* [[Ceefax]]
 +
* [[NAPLPS]] (North American Presentation Layer Protocol Syntax)
 +
* [[Red Button Text]]
  
 
== 3D video ==
 
== 3D video ==
 +
* [[Anaglyph 3D format]]
 +
* [[Blu-ray 3D format]]
 +
* [[MK3D]]
 +
* [[SENSIO Hi-Fi 3D format]]
 
* [[Side-by-side 3D format]]
 
* [[Side-by-side 3D format]]
 
* [[Top-and-bottom 3D format]]
 
* [[Top-and-bottom 3D format]]
* [[SENSIO Hi-Fi 3D format]]
 
* [[Blu-Ray 3D format]]
 
  
 
==Uncategorized==
 
==Uncategorized==
 
These formats might eventually get sorted into the above categories, or might not quite fit in any of them.
 
These formats might eventually get sorted into the above categories, or might not quite fit in any of them.
 +
* [[avrecode]]
 
* [[AVS]]
 
* [[AVS]]
 +
* [[Cinema RAW Light]] Canon (.crm)
 
* [[Canon XF-AVC]]
 
* [[Canon XF-AVC]]
 
* [[Canopus ProCoder]]
 
* [[Canopus ProCoder]]
Line 153: Line 234:
 
* [[FIASCO]]
 
* [[FIASCO]]
 
* [[InterVideo]]
 
* [[InterVideo]]
 +
* [[JPEG XS]]
 +
* [[Lenel Video]]
 
* [[Lotus ScreenCam movie]] (.scm)
 
* [[Lotus ScreenCam movie]] (.scm)
 
* [[MainConcept]]
 
* [[MainConcept]]
* [[MSU Lossless Video Codec]]
+
* [[MASH]]
* [[Protected Interoperable File Format]] (PIFF)
+
* [[MovieSetter]]
 
* [[NSD]] (Nero Super Video CD)
 
* [[NSD]] (Nero Super Video CD)
 +
* [[RTP]]
 
* [[SheerVideo]]
 
* [[SheerVideo]]
* [[TechSmith Screen Capture Codec]]
+
* [[VDR (VirtualDub)]]
  
 
== Software ==
 
== Software ==
Line 180: Line 264:
 
* [http://www.encoding.com/html5/ HTML5 video guide]
 
* [http://www.encoding.com/html5/ HTML5 video guide]
 
* [http://dev.iptc.org/Video-Metadata Video metadata standardization project]
 
* [http://dev.iptc.org/Video-Metadata Video metadata standardization project]
* [http://preservationguide.co.uk/?p=244 A Compressed View of Video Compression]
+
* [https://web.archive.org/web/20161016201327/http://preservationguide.co.uk/?p=244 A Compressed View of Video Compression]

Latest revision as of 17:08, 9 October 2020

File Format
Name Video
Ontology

{{{caption}}}

Formats related to video and multimedia.

Contents

[edit] Introduction

[edit] Pure video formats

These formats are "monolithic" video formats, meaning that the file format and the encoding of the video data are tied to each other.

See also Graphics#Animated image formats, and the #Video application formats section below.

[edit] Video container formats

These formats are only containers for video, which can contain videos in many different encodings (or even other data like audio).

See also the #Video application formats section below, for some higher-level container-like formats.

[edit] Single-stream container formats

[edit] Video stream formats

A.k.a. codecs, these formats are raw bitstream formats commonly contained in one of the above containers (though some can be used on their own, in one way or another).

[edit] Video application formats

An application format is a name for a set of restrictions and extensions to a standard container format. It may (or may not) be restricted to a small set of stream formats. Some such formats are called profiles.

[edit] Standards suites

[edit] Metadata formats

  • F4M (Flash Media Manifest)
  • SRR (reScene files)
  • SRS (reSample files)

[edit] Subtitle formats

[edit] Annotation formats

[edit] Interactive media files

(generally accompany video streams and other multimedia, tying them together in a presentation or user-interaction as on a disc)

  • BDMV (Blu-ray disc files for user interactivity)
  • CLPI (Blu-ray disc clip info files)
  • MPLS (Blu-ray disc playlists)

[edit] Video Developer/Editor files

[edit] Video streaming services

[edit] Television broadcast formats

Also see Chyron for on-screen graphics.

See Radio for more details of how such broadcasts are transmitted.

[edit] Teletext

Services that transmitted text or other data within a broadcast signal, and protocols and formats they used

[edit] 3D video

[edit] Uncategorized

These formats might eventually get sorted into the above categories, or might not quite fit in any of them.

[edit] Software

Refer to:

[edit] Links

Personal tools
Namespaces

Variants
Actions
Navigation
Toolbox