Sources

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If you're looking for places to pull either file format information, or to verify stuff you've found, or to go that extra mile to track down variations, here's some similar endeavors and items.
 
If you're looking for places to pull either file format information, or to verify stuff you've found, or to go that extra mile to track down variations, here's some similar endeavors and items.
  
 
==List of Places Keeping Track of Formats==
 
==List of Places Keeping Track of Formats==
  
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* [http://www.forensicswiki.org/wiki/Category:File_Formats Forensics Wiki]
 
* http://archivematica.org/preservation
 
* http://archivematica.org/preservation
 
* http://www.fileformat.info/
 
* http://www.fileformat.info/
 
* http://www.ace.net.nz/tech/TechFileFormat.html
 
* http://www.ace.net.nz/tech/TechFileFormat.html
* http://wotsit.org/ (presently broken)
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* http://wotsit.org/ - their download page is broken. need to ping webmaster about that.
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* Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_file_formats and http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_file_formats_%28alphabetical%29
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** Also [[wikipedia:Template:Infobox file format]] ([http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Special%3AWhatLinksHere&limit=500&target=Template%3AInfobox+file+format&namespace=0 pages using this template])
 
* http://unarchiver.c3.cx/formats
 
* http://unarchiver.c3.cx/formats
* http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/PRONOM/ Version-level format information on hundreds of formats, can be downloaded as XML (ask me for details [[User:Anjackson|AndyJackson]] 15:07, 2 July 2012 (EDT))
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* [[PRONOM|The PRONOM format registry]]
 
* http://wiki.multimedia.cx/
 
* http://wiki.multimedia.cx/
 
* http://archive.org/download/file-format-encyclopedia/fileformat.zip/
 
* http://archive.org/download/file-format-encyclopedia/fileformat.zip/
 
* http://www.digitalpreservation.gov/formats/fdd/descriptions.shtml
 
* http://www.digitalpreservation.gov/formats/fdd/descriptions.shtml
* http://www.udfr.org/
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* http://www.udfr.org/, see also http://gdfr.info/.
 
* http://gitorious.org/re-lab Tools & specs from re-lab- graphics formats, and office formats
 
* http://gitorious.org/re-lab Tools & specs from re-lab- graphics formats, and office formats
 
* http://www-mmsp.ece.mcgill.ca/documents/AudioFormats/index.html - Documentation, details, specs, and samples for a handful of audio formats
 
* http://www-mmsp.ece.mcgill.ca/documents/AudioFormats/index.html - Documentation, details, specs, and samples for a handful of audio formats
 
* http://wiki.xentax.com/index.php/Game_File_Format_Central This wiki is the home of the most game (archive) file format knowledge in the world.
 
* http://wiki.xentax.com/index.php/Game_File_Format_Central This wiki is the home of the most game (archive) file format knowledge in the world.
 
* http://rewiki.regengedanken.de has some more game related reverse engineering
 
* http://rewiki.regengedanken.de has some more game related reverse engineering
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* http://mark0.net/soft-trid-e.html Home to TrID, which can identify a vast number of file formats using an updateable database
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* http://mark0.net/soft-trid-deflist.html Online searchable version of the TrID database file
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* http://file-extension.net/seeker/ Metasearch engine for file extensions - Find info about unknown file extensions or filetypes
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* http://www.vgmpf.com/Wiki/index.php?title=Main_Page - the Videogame Music Preservation Foundation Wiki has information on a number of formats used to play back videogame music
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* http://hackipedia.org/File%20formats/ - loads of info on various formats here
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* http://wiki.mobileread.com/wiki/E-book_formats - detailed information on eBook formats.
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* http://mediapedia.nla.gov.au/ - "The Mediapedia resource is intended to enable the identification of various physical media carrier types for assisting with collection planning, assessment, documentation, infrastructure and preservation planning for the content they hold. These could include media across various genres such as cine, video, photo, audio, data, paper carriers, microfilm, etc."
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* http://wiki.opf-labs.org/display/TR/Formats - Small list of formats with detailed descriptions of some known access/preservation problems.
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* [http://registry.dcc.ac.uk:8080/RegistryWeb/Registry/ CASPAR/DCC Representation Information Repository]
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* [http://theswo.sourceforge.net/ The Software Ontology]
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* [http://keep-totem.co.uk/ KEEP Totem] also covers software, hardware etc.
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* [http://cultureandcommunication.org/deadmedia/index.php/Main_Page Dead Media Archives]
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* [http://www.fid3.com/file-formats The >4000 formats known to FI Tools], [http://www.fid3.com/formats-ext1 by extension], [http://www.fid3.com/formats-mime by MIME type]
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* [http://hg.python.org/cpython/file/2.7/Lib/mimetypes.py#l402 Python sourcecode for mimetypes module]
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* /etc/mimetypes on *nix systems defines a number of file formats and [[MIME types]]
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* http://www.iasa-web.org/tc04/key-digital-principles - Recommended Audio formats by Audiovisual Archives and Institutions
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* http://www.gpsbabel.org/capabilities.html - List of formats used by GPS devices
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* http://www.microsoft.com/openspecifications/en/us/programs/osp/office-file-formats/default.aspx Microsoft's Open Document Specifications
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* http://mamedev.org/source/src/lib/formats/index.html http://mamedev.org/source/src/mess/formats/index.html - format handlers for disk images, cassette images, and memory snapshots/quickloads in the MESS source code
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* http://minidisc.org alot of minidisc related info
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* http://cool.conservation-us.org/ Conservation Online
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* http://filext.com/ File Extensions with MIME types
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* http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_file_formats_(alphabetical) Wikipedia list of file formats (alphabetical)
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* http://ist.uwaterloo.ca/~schepers/formats.html The C64 file formats list
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* http://3dbrew.org/wiki/Category:File_formats Nintendo 3DS file formats
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* http://www.iana.org/assignments/media-types/index.html IANA MIME Media Types - lots of useful info here and often quite detailed as well
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* http://gitorious.org/msoscheme msoscheme is a project that creates a machine readable description of the binary file formats of Microsoft Office
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* http://www.schnarff.com/file-formats/ File Formats documentation collection
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* http://the-fr.org/ The Format Registry
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* http://www.freebase.com/computer/file_format?instances= Freebase instances in category "File Format"
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* https://bitbucket.org/haypo/hachoir/src/default/hachoir-parser/hachoir_parser/ Hachoir file format parsers
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* https://bitbucket.org/haypo/hachoir/wiki/FileFormatResources Hachoir list of file format resources
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* https://theiphonewiki.com/wiki/Category:File_Formats iPhone related file formats
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* https://www.synalysis.net/formats.xml Synalize It file format grammars
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* [http://www.binwalk.org Binwalk] — can recognise and extract data in many formats embeddded inside firmware images
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* http://www.math.utah.edu/~beebe/fonts/X-Window-System-fonts.html - Good info about the Fonts on Windows X system
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* http://www.online-convert.com/file-type
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* https://melog.info/archives/2004/09/30223144.html - PC98 disk image formats (Japanese)
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* http://lclevy.free.fr/amiga/formats.html - Amiga file formats
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* http://hitmen.c02.at/files/yagcd/yagcd/ - contains Nintendo GameCube file formats
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* https://wiibrew.org/wiki/Category:File_formats - files related to the Nintendo Wii
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* http://wiki.tockdom.com/wiki/Category:File_Format - file formats related to the Mario Kart games
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* https://www.cgsecurity.org/wiki/File_Formats_Recovered_By_PhotoRec - File Format Signatures used in data recovery
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==Emulation==
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* http://nonmess.retrogames.com/ - Emulator listing for various computer formats, including MESS and single-machine emulators.
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* [http://emuframework.sourceforge.net/ The Emulation Framework] is software developed by the international KEEP project, co-funded by the European Union's 7th Framework Programme.
  
 
==Books==
 
==Books==
  
 
* [http://www.amazon.com/Compressed-Image-File-Formats-JPEG/dp/0201604434/ Compressed Image File Formats: JPEG, PNG, GIF, XBM, BMP] by John Miano (1999)
 
* [http://www.amazon.com/Compressed-Image-File-Formats-JPEG/dp/0201604434/ Compressed Image File Formats: JPEG, PNG, GIF, XBM, BMP] by John Miano (1999)
* [http://www.amazon.com/Encyclopedia-Graphics-File-Formats-Reference/dp/1565921615/ Encyclopedia of Graphics File Formats: The Complete Reference on CD-ROM with Links to Internet Resources] by James D. Murray and William VanRyper (1996) '''Copy Acquired!'''
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* [http://www.amazon.com/Encyclopedia-Graphics-File-Formats-Reference/dp/1565921615/ Encyclopedia of Graphics File Formats] by James D. Murray and William VanRyper (1994, 1996) '''Copy Acquired!''' Refer to the [[Encyclopedia of Graphics File Formats|main article]].
* The CD-ROM for the above book is located [http://archive.org/details/EncyclopediaOfGraphicsFileFormatsCompanionCd-rom here].
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* [http://www.amazon.com/Graphics-File-Formats-David-Kay/dp/0070340250/ Graphics File Formats] by David C. Kay and John R. Levine (1994)
 
* [http://www.amazon.com/Graphics-File-Formats-David-Kay/dp/0070340250/ Graphics File Formats] by David C. Kay and John R. Levine (1994)
 
* [http://www.amazon.com/Graphics-File-Formats-Reference-Guide/dp/0133034054/ Graphics File Formats: Reference and Guide] by C. Wayne Brown, Barry J. Shepherd (1994)
 
* [http://www.amazon.com/Graphics-File-Formats-Reference-Guide/dp/0133034054/ Graphics File Formats: Reference and Guide] by C. Wayne Brown, Barry J. Shepherd (1994)
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* [http://www.amazon.com/More-File-Formats-Popular-Software/dp/0471850772/ More File Formats for Popular PC Software: A Programmer's Reference] by Jeff Walden (1987) '''Copy Acquired!'''
 
* [http://www.amazon.com/More-File-Formats-Popular-Software/dp/0471850772/ More File Formats for Popular PC Software: A Programmer's Reference] by Jeff Walden (1987) '''Copy Acquired!'''
 
* [http://www.amazon.com/Lotus-File-Formats-1-2-3-Symphony/dp/0201168243/ Lotus File Formats for 1-2-3 Symphony & Jazz: File Structure Descriptions for Developers] from Lotus, Inc. (1986)
 
* [http://www.amazon.com/Lotus-File-Formats-1-2-3-Symphony/dp/0201168243/ Lotus File Formats for 1-2-3 Symphony & Jazz: File Structure Descriptions for Developers] from Lotus, Inc. (1986)
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* [http://www.amazon.com/Inside-Windows-File-Formats-Swan/dp/0672303388/ Inside Windows File Formats] by Tom Swan (Nov 1993)
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* [http://www.amazon.com/Internet-File-Formats-Complete-Receiving/dp/188357756X/ Internet File Formats: Your Complete Resource for Sending, Receiving, and Using Internet Files] by Tim Kientzle (Oct 15, 1995)
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* [http://www.amazon.com/File-Formats-Popular-PC-Software/dp/0471528064/ File Formats for Popular PC Software] by Jeff Walden (Nov 1992)
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* [http://www.amazon.com/File-Formats-Conversions-Book-Developers/dp/155755059X/ PC File Formats and Conversions/Book and Disk (Developers Series)] by Ralf Kussmann (Mar 1990)
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* [http://www.amazon.com/Windows-Undocumented-Formats-Working-Inside/dp/0879304375/ Windows Undocumented File Formats; Working Inside 16- and 32- bit Windows] by Pete Davis (Jan 23, 1997)
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* [http://www.amazon.com/Graphics-File-Formats-Complete-Reference/dp/0070375321/ Graphics File Formats: The Complete Reference] by John R. Levine and David C. Kay (May 1992)
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* [http://www.amazon.com/Using-Pcx-Graphics-Files-Programmers/dp/0879304324/ Using Pcx Graphics Files: The Programmer's Definitive Guide to Pcx File Formats] by Roger T. Stevens (Apr 1, 1996)
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* [http://www.amazon.com/File-Formats-Handbook-Gunter-Born/dp/1850321175/ The File Formats Handbook] by Gunter Born (Sep 1995)
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* [http://www.amazon.com/Window-System-Formats-Application-Conventions/dp/1872630154/ X Window System File Formats and Application Conventions (X11R4)] by The Open Group (Jul 17, 1991)
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* [http://www.iasa-web.org/audio-preservation-tc04 Guidelines on the Production and Preservation of Digital Audio Objects] by IASA (2009)
  
 
==Other Useful Materials and Services==
 
==Other Useful Materials and Services==
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* http://www.openplanetsfoundation.org/software/fido Format Identification for Digital Objects
 
* http://www.openplanetsfoundation.org/software/fido Format Identification for Digital Objects
 
* https://github.com/usnationalarchives/File-Analyzer File Analyzer
 
* https://github.com/usnationalarchives/File-Analyzer File Analyzer
* http://sk1project.org/modules.php?name=products&product=uniconvertor UniConvertor is a universal vector graphics translator. It is a command line tool which uses sK1 object model to convert one format to another
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* https://sk1project.net/modules.php?name=Products&product=uniconvertor UniConvertor is a universal vector graphics translator. It is a command line tool which uses sK1 object model to convert one format to another
 
* http://www.textfiles.com/programming/FORMATS/
 
* http://www.textfiles.com/programming/FORMATS/
 
* http://wiki.opf-labs.org/display/SPR/Digital+Preservation+Tools Wiki list of digital preservation tool lists
 
* http://wiki.opf-labs.org/display/SPR/Digital+Preservation+Tools Wiki list of digital preservation tool lists
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* http://www.archive.org/details/cdbbsarchive - The Internet Archive has over 1,500 CD-ROMs loaded with shareware, and with that comes converters, documentation and other vital works related to file formats.
 
* http://www.archive.org/details/cdbbsarchive - The Internet Archive has over 1,500 CD-ROMs loaded with shareware, and with that comes converters, documentation and other vital works related to file formats.
 
* [http://wiki.opf-labs.org/display/SPR/Crowd+sourced+Representation+Information+for+Supporting+Preservation+(cRIsp) Crowd sourced Representation Information for Supporting Preservation (cRIsp)]
 
* [http://wiki.opf-labs.org/display/SPR/Crowd+sourced+Representation+Information+for+Supporting+Preservation+(cRIsp) Crowd sourced Representation Information for Supporting Preservation (cRIsp)]
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* [http://www.nsrl.nist.gov/ National Software Reference Library]
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* [http://mediatypes.appspot.com/ Linked Data URIs for MIME Types]
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* http://darwinsys.com/file/ UNIX file(1) format guessing utility
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* http://www.filesignatures.net/ Online database of file signatures (magic numbers)
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* http://www.garykessler.net/library/file_sigs.html List of file signatures (magic numbers)
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* [http://paulbourke.net/dataformats/ Data Formats from Paul Bourke] Useful information on older formats. Categories include Geometric (e.g., 3-D), Audio, and Image.
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* [http://www.martinreddy.net/gfx/ Graphics File Formats page from Martin Reddy] Useful information on older formats. Categories are: 2-D and 3-D, with supplementary resources.
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* [http://samples.multimedia.cx/ LibAV Sample Files collection, over 50GB]
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* http://www.corel.com/content/pdf/wpx4/corel-wordperfect-office-X4-reviewers-guide.pdf Corel WordPerfect Office Reviewers Guide, Appendix A gives useful overview of old Office formats + their typical file extensions.
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* http://documentation.statsoft.com/STATISTICAHelp.aspx?path=common/CommonMenus/CompatibleDocumentTypes Some info on formats of / compatible with Statsoft Statistica
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* http://web-beta.archive.org/web/20100210224635/http://medlem.spray.se/converters Loads of DOS / Windows conversion programs - this appears to be the most recent grab held by the Internet Archive
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* https://github.com/kreativekorp/ksfl Project to read/write various container formats
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* http://www.kreativekorp.com/swdownload/wildfire/HC%20FILE%20FORMAT%202010.TXT Description of the [[HyperCard stack]] file format
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* [http://mediaarchaeologylab.com/ Media Archeology Lab]
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* [https://archive.org/details/bitsavers_dec Bitsavers document library of DEC manuals]
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* [http://www.documentliberation.org/ Document Liberation Project]
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* [http://qanda.digipres.org/80/unusual-sources-of-file-format-signatures Unusual sources of file format signatures]
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* [http://www.deadmedia.org/ The Dead Media Project]
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* [http://archives.govt.nz/advice/guidance-and-standards/guidance-subject/digital-recordkeeping/advice-file-formats-creation-di Advice on File Formats for the Creation of Digital Records] (Archives New Zealand)
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* [http://www.avpreserve.com/papers-and-presentations/an-introduction-to-using-the-command-line-interface-to-work-with-files-and-directories/ An introduction to using the command line interface to work with files and directories]
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* [http://www.digipres.org/ DigiPres Commons Community-owned digital preservation resources]
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* [http://www.digipres.org/tools/ POWRR Tool Grid]
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* [http://ec2-52-37-126-112.us-west-2.compute.amazonaws.com/falstaff/ Falstaff: online file identification utility]
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* [http://access.bitcurator.net/index.php?title=Main_Page BitCurator access tools]
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* [http://www.documentliberation.org/projects/ Document Liberation Project projects]
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* [https://mediaarea.net/ollistd Open LossLess in STanDards] ([https://github.com/mediaarea/ollistd GitHub])
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* http://www.manmrk.net/tutorials/compress/index.htm A large collection of 1990s compression software
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[[Category:Sources| ]]

Latest revision as of 18:35, 9 October 2019

If you're looking for places to pull either file format information, or to verify stuff you've found, or to go that extra mile to track down variations, here's some similar endeavors and items.

[edit] List of Places Keeping Track of Formats

[edit] Emulation

  • http://nonmess.retrogames.com/ - Emulator listing for various computer formats, including MESS and single-machine emulators.
  • The Emulation Framework is software developed by the international KEEP project, co-funded by the European Union's 7th Framework Programme.

[edit] Books

[edit] Other Useful Materials and Services

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