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RBJ (Redcode oBJect) - Just Solve the File Format Problem

RBJ (Redcode oBJect)

From Just Solve the File Format Problem
(Difference between revisions)
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(All the content is basically there)
 
(Structure Descriptions: Link page on endianness)
 
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| extensions            = {{ext|rbj}}
 
| extensions            = {{ext|rbj}}
 
| released              = 1992
 
| released              = 1992
 +
| image                  = cw.png
 
| caption                = XRK core display
 
| caption                = XRK core display
 
| endianness            = Little_endian
 
| endianness            = Little_endian
Line 7: Line 8:
 
| reference impl        = http://mark0.net/soft-xrk-e.html
 
| reference impl        = http://mark0.net/soft-xrk-e.html
 
| error resiliance      = checksum           
 
| error resiliance      = checksum           
 +
| subcat                = Game data files
 
}}
 
}}
  
[[RBJ]] format belong to [[XRK - Extra Redcode Kit]], a complete [[Core Wars]] system for [[DOS]]. [[RBJ]] files contains an assembled binary version of a Redcode Warrior, usually written by the [[XRA - Extra Redcode Assembler]].
+
'''RBJ''' format belongs to [[XRK - Extra Redcode Kit]], a complete [[Core Wars]] system for [[DOS]] by Marco Pontello. RBJ files contains an assembled binary version of a [[Redcode]] Warrior, usually written by the [[XRA - Extra Redcode Assembler]].
[[RBJ]] files also contains info about the warrior's author, name and version of the assembler used, date & time.
+
RBJ files also contains info about the warrior's author, name and version of the assembler used, date & time.
  
 
== File structure overview ==
 
== File structure overview ==
Line 17: Line 19:
  
 
The Tail is represented by 1 byte used as a checksum.
 
The Tail is represented by 1 byte used as a checksum.
To verify the integrity of a [[RBJ]] file, simply compare this value to the
+
To verify the integrity of a RBJ file, simply compare this value to the
 
calculated checksum of the first (filesize - 1) bytes (that is Header +
 
calculated checksum of the first (filesize - 1) bytes (that is Header +
 
Code).
 
Code).
  
 
== Structure Descriptions ==
 
== Structure Descriptions ==
 +
 +
Int = 2 bytes in [[Endianness|Little-endian]] format.
  
 
=== Header ===
 
=== Header ===

Latest revision as of 02:00, 14 December 2016

File Format
Name RBJ (Redcode oBJect)
Ontology
Extension(s) .rbj
Released 1992

XRK core display

XRK core display

RBJ format belongs to XRK - Extra Redcode Kit, a complete Core Wars system for DOS by Marco Pontello. RBJ files contains an assembled binary version of a Redcode Warrior, usually written by the XRA - Extra Redcode Assembler. RBJ files also contains info about the warrior's author, name and version of the assembler used, date & time.

Contents

[edit] File structure overview

An RBJ file is composed of 3 sections: Header, Code, Tail

The Tail is represented by 1 byte used as a checksum. To verify the integrity of a RBJ file, simply compare this value to the calculated checksum of the first (filesize - 1) bytes (that is Header + Code).

[edit] Structure Descriptions

Int = 2 bytes in Little-endian format.

[edit] Header

The Header is 75 bytes long, and is composed as follow:

Pos  Field           Len Data
---------------------------------
  0  Version ID        1 Byte - decimal
  1  Author           30 Chars
 31  Made with        30 Chars
 61  Serial Date&Time  8 FP64
 69  Split Flag        1 Byte
 70  Reserved          1 Byte
 71  Program Len       2 Int
 73  Start             2 Int

[edit] Code

The Code block is a sequence of (Program Len) blocks as follow:

     Field           Len Data
---------------------------------
  0  Command           1 Byte
 +1  Mode A / B        1 Byte
 +2  Operand A         2 Int
 +4  Operand B         2 Int

[edit] Tail

One Byte as a checksum:

     Field           Len Data
---------------------------------
  0  CheckByte         1 Byte
---------------------------------

[edit] Fields Descriptions

[edit] Header

[edit] Version ID

Decimal (Major ver. * 10 + Minor ver.) Ex: 12 = v1.2

[edit] Author

Warrior's programmer Name/Nick

[edit] Made with

Assembler used

[edit] Serial Date&Time

Floating Point value: Dec * 86400 = seconds from midnight / Int = days from some date

[edit] Split Flag

0 = No SPL opcode used (program doesn't split) !0 = Program may use SPL

[edit] Reserved

Not used

[edit] Program Len

Instructions count, length of the code block

[edit] Start

Point to the instruction where execution start


[edit] Code

[edit] Command

   0 DAT
   1 MOV
   2 ADD
   3 SUB
   4 JMP
   5 JMZ
   6 JMN
   7 DJN
   8 CMP
   9 (not used)
  10 SPL

[edit] Mode A / B

  Field A = low nibble
  Field B = high nibble

  0 "#" Immediate
  1 "$" Direct
  2 "@" Indirect
  3 "<" Indirect autodecremented

[edit] Operand A & B

  2 bytes signed integer

[edit] Tail

[edit] CheckByte

Here's how to calc the checksum byte (in BASIC-like pseudocode):

  Sum = 0
  FOR i = 1 TO BufferLen STEP 1
    Sum = Sum + BufferByte(i)
  NEXT i
  FOR i = 1 TO BufferLen STEP 2
    Sum = Sum + BufferByte(i)
  NEXT i
  FOR i = 1 TO BufferLen STEP 3
    Sum = Sum + BufferByte(i)
  NEXT i
  FOR i = 1 TO BufferLen STEP 4
    Sum = Sum + BufferByte(i)
  NEXT i
  Sum = Sum AND 255

[edit] External links

Personal tools
Namespaces

Variants
Actions
Navigation
Toolbox

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