Graphics

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(Raster Graphics Formats)
(Metadata Formats)
 
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|caption=Mona Lisa
 
|caption=Mona Lisa
 
}}
 
}}
__NOTOC__
 
 
[[Electronic_File_Formats|Electronic Formats]] concerned with Image Data.
 
[[Electronic_File_Formats|Electronic Formats]] concerned with Image Data.
  
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* [[Fonts]]
 
* [[Fonts]]
 
* [[Geospatial]]
 
* [[Geospatial]]
 +
* [[Health and Medicine#Medical Imaging]]
 
* [[Page description languages]]
 
* [[Page description languages]]
 +
* [[Scientific Data formats]]
 
* [[Video]]
 
* [[Video]]
 
+
''Other lists of formats:''
== Adjustment data ==
+
* [[Amiga graphics formats]]
 
+
* [[Apple II graphics formats]]
* [[AAE sidecar format]] (Apple iOS 8 / OS X Yosemite)
+
* [[Atari graphics formats]]
 +
* [[Commodore graphics formats]]
 +
* [[Fax formats]]
  
 
== Animated image formats ==
 
== Animated image formats ==
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* [[ANSIMation]]
 
* [[ANSIMation]]
 
* [[APNG]]
 
* [[APNG]]
 +
* [[AVIF]]
 
* [[BAM]] (Infinity Engine)
 
* [[BAM]] (Infinity Engine)
 +
* [[CFAST Disney Animation Studio]] (.cft)
 +
* [[CorelMOVE]] (.CMV)
 
* [[Cyber Paint Sequence]] (.seq)
 
* [[Cyber Paint Sequence]] (.seq)
 
* [[DeluxePaint Animation]] (ANM or Anim)
 
* [[DeluxePaint Animation]] (ANM or Anim)
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* [[GFY]]
 
* [[GFY]]
 
* [[GRASP GL]]
 
* [[GRASP GL]]
 +
* [[HEIF]]
 
* [[IFF-DEEP]]
 
* [[IFF-DEEP]]
 
* [[Imagic Film/Picture]] (Atari ST frames used in animation)
 
* [[Imagic Film/Picture]] (Atari ST frames used in animation)
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* [[Spectrum 512 Anispec‎]]
 
* [[Spectrum 512 Anispec‎]]
 
* [[SWF]] (Flash)
 
* [[SWF]] (Flash)
 +
* [[Synfig]]
 
* [[XNG]]
 
* [[XNG]]
  
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* [[ANSI Art]] (.ans)
 
* [[ANSI Art]] (.ans)
 +
* [[ANSI escape code]]
 
* [[AN2]]
 
* [[AN2]]
 
* [[ArtWorx Data Format]] (.adf)
 
* [[ArtWorx Data Format]] (.adf)
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* [[BSAVE Image]]
 
* [[BSAVE Image]]
 
* [[iCEDraw]] (.idf)
 
* [[iCEDraw]] (.idf)
 +
* [[MZM]] (.mzm)
 
* [[PCBoard]] (.pcb)
 
* [[PCBoard]] (.pcb)
 
* [[RIPscrip]] (or RIPscript)
 
* [[RIPscrip]] (or RIPscript)
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== Colors ==
 
== Colors ==
(Profiles, color spaces, palettes, swatches)
+
(Profiles, color spaces, [[Computer Palettes|palettes]], swatches)
 
* [[Adobe RGB (1998)]]
 
* [[Adobe RGB (1998)]]
 
* [[Adobe Swatch Exchange]] (.ase)
 
* [[Adobe Swatch Exchange]] (.ase)
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* [[RIFF Palette File]]
 
* [[RIFF Palette File]]
 
* [[sRGB]]
 
* [[sRGB]]
 +
* [[Web-safe colors]]
 
* [[YUV]]
 
* [[YUV]]
 
== Comics creation ==
 
* [[Manga Studio]]
 
  
 
== Compression ==
 
== Compression ==
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See also [[Compression]], for general-purpose algorithms.
 
See also [[Compression]], for general-purpose algorithms.
  
 +
* [[Brunsli]]
 
* [[CCITT Group 3]]
 
* [[CCITT Group 3]]
 
* [[CCITT Group 4]]
 
* [[CCITT Group 4]]
 
* [[DCT compression]] (e.g. lossy [[JPEG]])
 
* [[DCT compression]] (e.g. lossy [[JPEG]])
 +
* [[ImageZero]]
 
* [[JBIG]]
 
* [[JBIG]]
 
* [[JBIG2]]
 
* [[JBIG2]]
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* [[packJPG]] (.pjg)
 
* [[packJPG]] (.pjg)
 
* [[packPNM]] (.ppn)
 
* [[packPNM]] (.ppn)
 +
* [[PKP]]
 
* [[Rawzor]]
 
* [[Rawzor]]
 
* [[Run-length colour encoding]] (T.45)
 
* [[Run-length colour encoding]] (T.45)
 
* [[Run-length encoding]]
 
* [[Run-length encoding]]
 +
* [[StuffIt Image Format]] (SIF)
 
* [[ThunderScan compression]]
 
* [[ThunderScan compression]]
 
* [[Wavelet compression]]
 
* [[Wavelet compression]]
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* [[Apple File and App Icons]]
 
* [[Apple File and App Icons]]
 
* [[CUR]] (Microsoft Windows cursors)
 
* [[CUR]] (Microsoft Windows cursors)
 +
** [[Windows 1.0 Cursor]]
 
* [[DEGAS Elite icon]] (.icn)
 
* [[DEGAS Elite icon]] (.icn)
 
* [[EPOC AIF]]
 
* [[EPOC AIF]]
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* [[GEM resource file]] (.rsc)
 
* [[GEM resource file]] (.rsc)
 
* [[GlowIcons]]
 
* [[GlowIcons]]
 +
* [[Graphic Workshop Thumbnail]] (.thn)
 
* [[Haiku Vector Icon Format]]
 
* [[Haiku Vector Icon Format]]
 
* [[HP 100LX/200LX icon]] (.icn)
 
* [[HP 100LX/200LX icon]] (.icn)
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* [[ICNS]] (Apple/Macintosh Icon)
 
* [[ICNS]] (Apple/Macintosh Icon)
 
* [[ICO]] (Microsoft Windows icons)
 
* [[ICO]] (Microsoft Windows icons)
 +
** [[Windows 1.0 Icon]]
 +
* [[Icon Heaven library]] (.fim)
 
* [[Icon library]] (.icl)
 
* [[Icon library]] (.icl)
 +
* [[Imageiio/imaginfo (Ulead)]] (.pe3, .pe4)
 
* [[iThmb]] (iOS thumbnail images)
 
* [[iThmb]] (iOS thumbnail images)
 +
* [[Lotus Smart Icon]] (.smi)
 
* [[Micrografx Icon]] (.icn)
 
* [[Micrografx Icon]] (.icn)
 +
* [[MonkeyLogo]]
 
* [[NeoDesk icon]] (.nic)
 
* [[NeoDesk icon]] (.nic)
 
* [[NewIcons]]
 
* [[NewIcons]]
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* [[RIPscrip Icon]] (RIPterm Image, .icn)
 
* [[RIPscrip Icon]] (RIPterm Image, .icn)
 
* [[Sony Mavica 411]]
 
* [[Sony Mavica 411]]
 +
* [[SRF (Garmin vehicle)]]
 
* [[Sun icon]]
 
* [[Sun icon]]
 
* [[SuperJPG thumbnail cache]] (superjpg.tnc)
 
* [[SuperJPG thumbnail cache]] (superjpg.tnc)
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== Metadata Formats ==
 
== Metadata Formats ==
  
 +
* [[AFCP]]
 
* [[Exif]]
 
* [[Exif]]
* [[IPTC]] (or NAA)
+
* [[IPTC-IIM]] (or NAA)
 +
* [[IPTC Photo Metadata]]
 
* [[MakerNote]]
 
* [[MakerNote]]
* [[MIX]]
+
* [[MIX (metadata)|MIX]]
 +
* [[net.CyberCards]]
 
* [[Photoshop Image Resources]]
 
* [[Photoshop Image Resources]]
 
* [[SAUCE]]
 
* [[SAUCE]]
 
* [[XMP]]
 
* [[XMP]]
  
== Programming languages (graphic-specific) ==
+
== Online/Networked Formats ==
 +
(while any image format can be used online and through a network, these are specifically designed to be accessed remotely via an API)
 +
* [[IIIF|IIIF – The International Image Interoperability Framework]]
  
 +
== Programming languages ==
 +
(Graphic-specific programming languages)
 +
 +
* [[Blitz3D]]
 
* [[CEEMAC]]
 
* [[CEEMAC]]
 
* [[High Level Shading Language]] (HLSL) (uses byte array header files)
 
* [[High Level Shading Language]] (HLSL) (uses byte array header files)
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* [[AAI]] (Dune image)
 
* [[AAI]] (Dune image)
 +
* [[ABC]] (Advanced Bitonal Compression)
 
* [[Abekas YUV]] (.yuv) (Diskus and Quantel QNV varieties of YUV files are apparently similar)
 
* [[Abekas YUV]] (.yuv) (Diskus and Quantel QNV varieties of YUV files are apparently similar)
 
* [[Ability Office PhotoPaint]] (.apx)
 
* [[Ability Office PhotoPaint]] (.apx)
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* [[Apple volume label image]]
 
* [[Apple volume label image]]
 
* [[Applixware Bitmap]]
 
* [[Applixware Bitmap]]
 +
* [[Adaptive Prediction Trees|APT]]
 
* [[ARF (Axon Raw Format)]]
 
* [[ARF (Axon Raw Format)]]
 
* [[ART (AOL compressed image)]]
 
* [[ART (AOL compressed image)]]
 
* [[ART (PFS: First Publisher)]]
 
* [[ART (PFS: First Publisher)]]
 
* [[Async Professional Fax]] (.apf)
 
* [[Async Professional Fax]] (.apf)
 +
* [[AVIF]]
 
* [[AVS X image]]
 
* [[AVS X image]]
 
* [[Award BIOS logo]]
 
* [[Award BIOS logo]]
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* [[BigTIFF]]
 
* [[BigTIFF]]
 
* [[BioRad confocal image]]
 
* [[BioRad confocal image]]
 +
* [[BLP]]
 +
* [[BMF]]
 +
* [[BMI (Zoner)]]
 
* [[BMP]] (Windows BMP and OS/2 BMP)
 
* [[BMP]] (Windows BMP and OS/2 BMP)
 
* [[Bob ray tracer bitmap]]
 
* [[Bob ray tracer bitmap]]
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* [[BSAVE Image]]
 
* [[BSAVE Image]]
 
* [[BSB]] (BSB/KAP)
 
* [[BSB]] (BSB/KAP)
 +
* [[BTPC]]
 
* [[CADRG]]
 
* [[CADRG]]
 
* [[Calamus Raster Graphic]] (.crg)
 
* [[Calamus Raster Graphic]] (.crg)
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* [[Cineon]]
 
* [[Cineon]]
 
* [[Cisco IP Phone image]]
 
* [[Cisco IP Phone image]]
 +
* [[Clear (RISC OS graphics format)|Clear]]
 
* [[Cloé picture]]
 
* [[Cloé picture]]
 +
* [[CMP]]
 
* [[CMU Andrew Toolkit image]] (.cmu)
 
* [[CMU Andrew Toolkit image]] (.cmu)
 
* [[CMU Window Manager bitmap]]
 
* [[CMU Window Manager bitmap]]
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* [[ColoRIX]] (RIX)
 
* [[ColoRIX]] (RIX)
 
* [[CompuServe RLE]]
 
* [[CompuServe RLE]]
* [[CompW]]
+
* [[Corel Photo House]] (.cps)
 
* [[Corel Photo-Paint image]] (.cpt)
 
* [[Corel Photo-Paint image]] (.cpt)
 +
* [[Corel Wavelet]] (.wi)
 +
* [[CPA (PRISM)]]
 
* [[Crack Art]] (.ca1, .ca2, .ca3)
 
* [[Crack Art]] (.ca1, .ca2, .ca3)
 
* [[CUPS Raster]]
 
* [[CUPS Raster]]
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* [[DCX]] (ZSoft IBM PC multi-page Paintbrush)
 
* [[DCX]] (ZSoft IBM PC multi-page Paintbrush)
 
* [[DEGAS image]] (.pi1, .pi2, .pi3, .pc1, .pc2, .pc3)
 
* [[DEGAS image]] (.pi1, .pi2, .pi3, .pc1, .pc2, .pc3)
 +
* [[DeskMate Paint]] (.pnt)
 
* [[DESR VFF]]
 
* [[DESR VFF]]
 
* [[DGI (Digi-Pic)]]
 
* [[DGI (Digi-Pic)]]
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* [[Freedom of Press]]
 
* [[Freedom of Press]]
 
* [[FSH (EA Sports)]]
 
* [[FSH (EA Sports)]]
 +
* [[FUIF]]
 +
* [[Funpaint]]
 
* [[G9B]]
 
* [[G9B]]
 
* [[GEM Raster]] (.img)
 
* [[GEM Raster]] (.img)
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* [[GX1]]
 
* [[GX1]]
 
* [[GX2]]
 
* [[GX2]]
 +
* [[HEIF]]
 +
* [[Hemera Photo-Object]]
 +
* [[hipix]]
 
* [[HIPS]]
 
* [[HIPS]]
 
* [[HMR]] (Bentley Systems bitmap file, connected in some way to GeoTIFF)
 
* [[HMR]] (Bentley Systems bitmap file, connected in some way to GeoTIFF)
 
* [[HP Paintjet]]
 
* [[HP Paintjet]]
 +
* [[HP Photo Album]]
 +
* [[HR (TRS-80)]] (.hr)
 
* [[HS2 (POSTERING)|HS2]]
 
* [[HS2 (POSTERING)|HS2]]
 
* [[HSI JPEG]]
 
* [[HSI JPEG]]
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* [[Island Graphics TIFF]]
 
* [[Island Graphics TIFF]]
 
* [[IWC (WaveL)]]
 
* [[IWC (WaveL)]]
 +
* [[J Wavelet Image Codec]] (.wic)
 
* [[J6I]] (Ricoh Digital Camera image file)
 
* [[J6I]] (Ricoh Digital Camera image file)
 
* [[JBIG]]
 
* [[JBIG]]
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* [[JPC (LuraWave)]]
 
* [[JPC (LuraWave)]]
 
* [[JPEG]] (JPEG Interchange Format, .jpg)
 
* [[JPEG]] (JPEG Interchange Format, .jpg)
 +
* [[JPEG 360]]
 
* [[JPEG 2000]]
 
* [[JPEG 2000]]
 
* [[JPEG 2000 codestream]] (.j2k, .j2c, .jpc)
 
* [[JPEG 2000 codestream]] (.j2k, .j2c, .jpc)
 
* [[JPEG-HDR]]
 
* [[JPEG-HDR]]
 
* [[JPEG-LS]]
 
* [[JPEG-LS]]
 +
* [[JPEG XL]]
 
* [[JPEG XR]] (HD Photo)
 
* [[JPEG XR]] (HD Photo)
 
* [[JPEG XT]]
 
* [[JPEG XT]]
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* [[MetaMorph Stack]] (.stk)
 
* [[MetaMorph Stack]] (.stk)
 
* [[MGR bitmap]]
 
* [[MGR bitmap]]
 +
* [[MiAF]]
 
* [[Microsoft Image Composer]] (.mic)
 
* [[Microsoft Image Composer]] (.mic)
 
* [[MIF (MSX)]]
 
* [[MIF (MSX)]]
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* [[MSX BASIC graphics]]
 
* [[MSX BASIC graphics]]
 
* [[MTV ray tracer bitmap]]
 
* [[MTV ray tracer bitmap]]
 +
* [[Multicolor]] (Commodore 64 graphic mode)
 
* [[Multi Palette Picture]] (MPP)
 
* [[Multi Palette Picture]] (MPP)
 
* [[Multi-Picture Format]] (MPO)
 
* [[Multi-Picture Format]] (MPO)
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* [[OS/2 Boot Logo]]
 
* [[OS/2 Boot Logo]]
 
* [[OTA bitmap]] (Nokia Over The Air, .otb)
 
* [[OTA bitmap]] (Nokia Over The Air, .otb)
 +
* [[PabloPaint]]
 +
* [[PABX background]]
 
* [[Paint.NET image]] (.pdn)
 
* [[Paint.NET image]] (.pdn)
 
* [[PaintShop Pro]] (.psp, .jsl, .pfr, .tub)
 
* [[PaintShop Pro]] (.psp, .jsl, .pfr, .tub)
 +
* [[PaintTool SAI]]
 
* [[Palette Master]]
 
* [[Palette Master]]
 
* [[Palm bitmap]]
 
* [[Palm bitmap]]
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* [[PhotoChrome]] (.pcs)
 
* [[PhotoChrome]] (.pcs)
 
* [[PhotoDeluxe]] (.pdd)
 
* [[PhotoDeluxe]] (.pdd)
 +
* [[PhotoImpact]]
 
* [[PhotoParade slideshow]] (.php, .4pp)
 
* [[PhotoParade slideshow]] (.php, .4pp)
 
* [[Photoshop brush]] (.abr)
 
* [[Photoshop brush]] (.abr)
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* [[Picture Packer]]
 
* [[Picture Packer]]
 
* [[Picture Publisher]]
 
* [[Picture Publisher]]
 +
* [[PIK]]
 
* [[Pixar picture]] (.pxr)
 
* [[Pixar picture]] (.pxr)
 
* [[Pixia]] (.pxa)
 
* [[Pixia]] (.pxa)
 +
* [[Pixlr document]] (*.pxd)
 
* [[PLD (PhotoLine)]]
 
* [[PLD (PhotoLine)]]
 
* [[PM (XV image)]]
 
* [[PM (XV image)]]
 
* [[PNG]] (Portable Network Graphics)
 
* [[PNG]] (Portable Network Graphics)
 
* [[Pocket PC Bitmap]] (.2bp)
 
* [[Pocket PC Bitmap]] (.2bp)
* [[Poser Bump Map]] (.bum)
 
 
* [[Portable Arbitrary Map]] (PAM)
 
* [[Portable Arbitrary Map]] (PAM)
 
* [[Portable Bitmap Format]] (PBF)
 
* [[Portable Bitmap Format]] (PBF)
 +
* [[Poser Bump Map]] (.bum)
 +
* [[PRF (Fastgraph)]]
 
* [[PRF (Polychrome Recursive Format)]]
 
* [[PRF (Polychrome Recursive Format)]]
 
* [[Printfox bitmap]]
 
* [[Printfox bitmap]]
 
* [[PrintMaster]]
 
* [[PrintMaster]]
 +
* [[PrintPartner]] (.gph)
 
* [[The Print Shop|Print Shop, The]]
 
* [[The Print Shop|Print Shop, The]]
 
* [[Prism Paint]] (.pnt)
 
* [[Prism Paint]] (.pnt)
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* [[QRT Ray Tracer bitmap]]
 
* [[QRT Ray Tracer bitmap]]
 
* [[QTIF]] (QuickTime image file, .qif)
 
* [[QTIF]] (QuickTime image file, .qif)
 +
* [[Quake 2 Texture]] (.wal)
 
* [[Quantel VPB image]]
 
* [[Quantel VPB image]]
 
* [[Radiance HDR]] (RGBE, XYZE, .hdr, .pic)
 
* [[Radiance HDR]] (RGBE, XYZE, .hdr, .pic)
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* [[Scitex CT]]
 
* [[Scitex CT]]
 
* [[SCR (ZX Spectrum)]]
 
* [[SCR (ZX Spectrum)]]
* [[ScreenShot Hack PDB]]
+
* [[ScreenShot Hack]]
 
* [[Seattle FilmWorks]] (.sfw, .pwp)
 
* [[Seattle FilmWorks]] (.sfw, .pwp)
 
* [[Secret Photos puzzle]] (.xp0)
 
* [[Secret Photos puzzle]] (.xp0)
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* [[Slow-scan television]] (.hrz)
 
* [[Slow-scan television]] (.hrz)
 
* [[Softimage PIC]]
 
* [[Softimage PIC]]
 +
* [[Sony PictureGear Studio]]
 +
* [[Spaceward Graphics]] / Satori (.r, .rir)
 
* [[Spectrum 512 Extended‎]] (.spx)
 
* [[Spectrum 512 Extended‎]] (.spx)
 
* [[Spectrum 512 formats]] (.spu, .spc, .sps)
 
* [[Spectrum 512 formats]] (.spu, .spc, .sps)
 +
* [[SPIF]]
 
* [[SPIFF]] (Still Picture Interchange File Format)
 
* [[SPIFF]] (Still Picture Interchange File Format)
 
* [[Spooky Sprites]]
 
* [[Spooky Sprites]]
 
* [[STAD PAC]]
 
* [[STAD PAC]]
 
* [[Standard Archive Format]] (military missile data format that includes images among other data)
 
* [[Standard Archive Format]] (military missile data format that includes images among other data)
 +
* [[Starbase bitmap file‎]]
 
* [[STOS memory bank]] (.mbk)
 
* [[STOS memory bank]] (.mbk)
 
* [[Structured Fax File]] (.sff)
 
* [[Structured Fax File]] (.sff)
 
* [[Sun Raster]] (.ras, .sun)
 
* [[Sun Raster]] (.ras, .sun)
 
* [[Sun TAAC image]]
 
* [[Sun TAAC image]]
 +
* [[SymbOS graphic]] (.sgx)
 
* [[Synu]] (Synthetic Universe)
 
* [[Synu]] (Synthetic Universe)
 
* [[TAP (Tencent)]]
 
* [[TAP (Tencent)]]
* [[TealPaint PDB]]
+
* [[TealPaint]]
 
* [[Technicolor Dream]]
 
* [[Technicolor Dream]]
 
* [[TGA]] (Truevision Targa image)
 
* [[TGA]] (Truevision Targa image)
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* [[TIFF-FX]]
 
* [[TIFF-FX]]
 
* [[TIFF/IT]]
 
* [[TIFF/IT]]
 +
* [[TilePic]]
 
* [[TIM (PlayStation graphics)]]
 
* [[TIM (PlayStation graphics)]]
 +
* [[TIM2]]
 
* [[Tiny Stuff]]
 
* [[Tiny Stuff]]
 
* [[TI picture file]]
 
* [[TI picture file]]
 +
* [[TkImg RAW]]
 
* [[TLG (KiriKiri)|TLG]] (associated with [[KiriKiri Adventure Game System]])
 
* [[TLG (KiriKiri)|TLG]] (associated with [[KiriKiri Adventure Game System]])
 
* [[Unirast]] (Apple AirPrint)
 
* [[Unirast]] (Apple AirPrint)
 +
* [[UPX/TPX (Photo Express)]]
 
* [[Utah RLE]]
 
* [[Utah RLE]]
 
* [[Valve Texture Format]] (.vtf)
 
* [[Valve Texture Format]] (.vtf)
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* [[WhyPic]] (.ypc)
 
* [[WhyPic]] (.ypc)
 
* [[Wigmore Artist 64]]
 
* [[Wigmore Artist 64]]
 +
* [[Windows clipboard]] (.clp)
 
* [[Windows DDB]]
 
* [[Windows DDB]]
 
* [[WinMiPS]]
 
* [[WinMiPS]]
 
* [[Winzle Puzzle]]
 
* [[Winzle Puzzle]]
 +
* [[WLM]] (also known as CompW)
 
* [[WOBA]] (bitmap data extracted from a [[HyperCard stack]])
 
* [[WOBA]] (bitmap data extracted from a [[HyperCard stack]])
 
* [[Word for DOS screen capture]] (.scr)
 
* [[Word for DOS screen capture]] (.scr)
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* [[Zoomify ZIF]]
 
* [[Zoomify ZIF]]
  
== Raw camera formats ==
+
== Skins / Themes ==
For raw image (digital negative) formats used by cameras (such as .3fr, .ari, .arw, .bay, .cap, .cr2, .crw, .eip, .dcr, .dcs, .drf, .dng, .eip, .erf, .fff, .iiq, .k25, .kdc, .mef, .mos, .mrw, .ndf, .nef, .nrw, .orf, .pef, .ptx, .pxn, .r3d, .raf, .raw, .rw2, .rwl, .rwz, .sr2, .srf, .srw, .x3f), see [[Cameras and Digital Image Sensors]].
+
''(Used to give custom styles, appearances, and themes to software; might be bundled with Icon, Cursor, and Avatar files consistent with the theme)''
 +
* [[BootSkin Vista]]
 +
* [[BootSkin XP]]
 +
* [[Pocket PC Theme]] (.tsk)
 +
* [[Winamp Skin]]
 +
* [[Windows Media Player Skin Package]] (.wmz)
 +
* [[Winstep Xtreme theme]]
 +
** [[Winstep Workshelf theme]]
 +
** [[Nextstart theme]]
  
== Software, utilities, libraries, and APIs for graphic manipulation ==
+
== Software ==
 +
''(Applications, utilities, libraries, and APIs for graphic manipulation)''
  
* [[IIIF]] (International Image Interoperability Framework)
+
Refer to [[Graphics software]].
* [[Image Alchemy]]
+
* [[ImageMagick]]
+
* [[Netpbm]]
+
* [[Photoshop]]
+
* [[RECOIL]] (formerly FAIL)
+
* [[XnView]]
+
* [http://imageconverter.rest7.com/ Rest7 Online Image Converter]
+
 
+
(See [[Graphic software]])
+
 
+
== System-specific graphic formats and modes ==
+
 
+
* [[Apple II graphics formats]]
+
* [[Atari graphics formats]]
+
* [[Commodore graphics formats]]
+
* [[HR (TRS-80)]] (.hr)
+
* [[Windows clipboard]] (.clp)
+
  
 
== Vector Graphics Formats ==
 
== Vector Graphics Formats ==
''(Including most metafile formats. Vector formats often support embedded raster images, and other objects that aren't actually vectors.)''
+
''(Including most "metafile" formats. Vector formats often support embedded raster images, and other objects that aren't actually vectors.)''
  
 
* [[Acorn Draw]]
 
* [[Acorn Draw]]
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* [[Applixware Graphics]]
 
* [[Applixware Graphics]]
 
* [[Arts & Letters clip art library]] (.yal)
 
* [[Arts & Letters clip art library]] (.yal)
* [[Autodesk Slide]]
+
* [[ArtWorks]]
 +
* [[AutoCAD Slide]]
 +
* [[AutoCAD Slide Library]]
 
* [[AutoSketch]] (.skd)
 
* [[AutoSketch]] (.skd)
 
* [[Calamus Vector Graphic]] (.cvg)
 
* [[Calamus Vector Graphic]] (.cvg)
 
* [[CGM]] (Computer Graphics Metafile)
 
* [[CGM]] (Computer Graphics Metafile)
 +
* [[Corel Designer]] (.des)
 
* [[CorelDRAW]] (.cdr, .cdx, .cdt, .cmx)
 
* [[CorelDRAW]] (.cdr, .cdx, .cdt, .cmx)
 +
* [[Corel Gallery]] (.bmf)
 
* [[DataDiagrammingML]] (Microsoft XML-based format)
 
* [[DataDiagrammingML]] (Microsoft XML-based format)
 +
* [[DeskMate Draw]] (.fig)
 
* [[Dia]]
 
* [[Dia]]
 
* [[DrawingML]] (Microsoft embedded graphics in XML Office formats)
 
* [[DrawingML]] (Microsoft embedded graphics in XML Office formats)
 
* [[DrawIt]]
 
* [[DrawIt]]
 +
* [[DrawPlus]]
 +
* [[DRAWX Vector Graphics]] (.vec)
 
* [[Encapsulated PostScript]] (.eps, .epsf, .epsi)
 
* [[Encapsulated PostScript]] (.eps, .epsf, .epsi)
 
* [[Enhanced Metafile]] (.emf)
 
* [[Enhanced Metafile]] (.emf)
Line 582: Line 654:
 
* [[Fig]] (Xfig format)
 
* [[Fig]] (Xfig format)
 
* [[FreeHand]] (Aldus/Adobe)
 
* [[FreeHand]] (Aldus/Adobe)
 +
* [[FXG]]
 
* [[GEM VDI Metafile]] (GEM Vector, VDI, .GDI)
 
* [[GEM VDI Metafile]] (GEM Vector, VDI, .GDI)
 
* [[Gerber format]] (used in printed circuit design)
 
* [[Gerber format]] (used in printed circuit design)
 +
* [[GST ART]] (.art)
 
* [[Haiku Vector Icon Format]]
 
* [[Haiku Vector Icon Format]]
 
* [[Harvard Graphics]]
 
* [[Harvard Graphics]]
* [[Instant Artist GFX]] (.gfx) (also known as Print Artist)
 
 
* [[Lotus 1-2-3 Chart]] (.pic)
 
* [[Lotus 1-2-3 Chart]] (.pic)
 
* [[MacDraw]] (later ClarisDraw)
 
* [[MacDraw]] (later ClarisDraw)
Line 594: Line 667:
 
* [[MVG]]
 
* [[MVG]]
 
* [[NAPLPS]] (North American Presentation Layer Protocol Syntax)
 
* [[NAPLPS]] (North American Presentation Layer Protocol Syntax)
 +
* [[Notability]]
 
* [[OpenDocument Drawing]] (.odg)
 
* [[OpenDocument Drawing]] (.odg)
 
* [[PICT]] (Macintosh graphics)
 
* [[PICT]] (Macintosh graphics)
Line 600: Line 674:
 
* [[Precision Graphics Markup Language]] (PGML)
 
* [[Precision Graphics Markup Language]] (PGML)
 
* [[Presentation Manager Metafile]] (MET)
 
* [[Presentation Manager Metafile]] (MET)
 +
* [[Print Artist]] (.gfx) (also known as Instant Artist)
 +
* Satori Canvas (.cvs) - See [[Spaceward Graphics]]
 
* [[Scalable Vector Graphics]] (SVG)
 
* [[Scalable Vector Graphics]] (SVG)
 
* [[SDA (StarOffice)]]
 
* [[SDA (StarOffice)]]
 +
* [[SDW (AmiDraw)]]
 
* [[Shapefile]]
 
* [[Shapefile]]
 
* [[Simple Vector Format]] (SVF)
 
* [[Simple Vector Format]] (SVF)
 
* [[sK1]]
 
* [[sK1]]
 
* [[Skencil SK]]
 
* [[Skencil SK]]
 +
* [[Sketch]]
 
* [[SXD]]
 
* [[SXD]]
 +
* [[Sxz]] (hybrid vector/raster)
 
* [[TIFF annotation data]]
 
* [[TIFF annotation data]]
 
* [[UNIX Plot Format]]
 
* [[UNIX Plot Format]]
Line 614: Line 693:
 
* [[WordPerfect Graphics]] (.wpg)
 
* [[WordPerfect Graphics]] (.wpg)
 
* [[Xar (vector graphics)|Xar]] (Flare)
 
* [[Xar (vector graphics)|Xar]] (Flare)
For modeling formats (such as IGES, NFF, OFF, POV-Ray, PRT, QRT), see [[3D and CAD/CAM Models]].
+
* [[ZBR (Zoner Zebra)]]
 +
* [[ZMF (Zoner)]]
 +
See also:
 +
* [[3D and CAD/CAM Models]]
 +
* [[Diagramming and flowcharting]]
 +
* [[Machine Embroidery]]
  
See also [[Machine Embroidery]].
+
== Miscellaneous or Uncategorized ==
 +
''(Formats which don't fit into another category, or still need to be categorized)''
  
== Miscellaneous ==
+
* [[AAE sidecar format]] (Apple iOS 8 / OS X Yosemite)
''(Formats and topics that are clearly identified, but which don't fit into another category, or still need to be categorized)''
+
* [[ABBYY Finereader]]
 
+
* [[Aperture library]]
* [[ANSI escape code]]
+
 
* [[Apple Preferred]] (APF)
 
* [[Apple Preferred]] (APF)
 
* [[BodyPaint 3D]] (Maxon: .b3d)
 
* [[BodyPaint 3D]] (Maxon: .b3d)
 
* [[Chyron]]
 
* [[Chyron]]
 
* [[DeltaVision]] (medical microscopy format)
 
* [[DeltaVision]] (medical microscopy format)
* [[Encyclopedia of Graphics File Formats]]
+
* [[DM2]]
* [[Fax formats]]
+
* [[DM3]]
 +
* [[DM4]]
 +
* [[Fineprint]] (.fp)
 
* [[HDF]] (Hierarchical Data Format)
 
* [[HDF]] (Hierarchical Data Format)
 
* [[IBM Audio Visual Connection (AVC) Still Video Image]]
 
* [[IBM Audio Visual Connection (AVC) Still Video Image]]
Line 633: Line 719:
 
* [[KONTRON]] (embedded-systems company; apparently has graphic format of its own)
 
* [[KONTRON]] (embedded-systems company; apparently has graphic format of its own)
 
* [[Liberty IM]]
 
* [[Liberty IM]]
 +
* [[Lightroom catalog]] (.lrcat)
 +
* [[Manga Studio]]
 +
* [[MonkeyCard]]
 +
* [[OmniPage]]
 
* [[PaperPort (MAX)]]
 
* [[PaperPort (MAX)]]
* [[Photoshop]]
 
 
* [[QDV (Random Dot Software)]]
 
* [[QDV (Random Dot Software)]]
* [[Windows Media Player Skin Package]] (.wmz)
+
* [[Second Nature Screensaver Graphic]] (.snx)
 
+
== Uncategorized ==
+
''(Formats that may need to be more clearly identified and named, and moved to other categories)''
+
 
+
* [[BUF]]
+
* [[CAM]]
+
* [[CEL]]
+
* [[cicn]]
+
* [[cri]]
+
* [[csource]]
+
* [[Direct icns]]
+
* [[DL]]
+
* [[ElectronicImage]]
+
* [[IBL]]
+
* [[IBM PIC]]
+
* [[Icd5]]
+
* [[ISS]] (unidentified; XnView claims to support it)
+
* [[MHT]]
+
* [[MonkeyCard]]
+
* [[MonkeyLogo]]
+
* [[Oncor]]
+
* [[PDES]]
+
* [[Ppat]]
+
* [[Scrap]]
+
* [[SHS]]
+
* [[SNX]]
+
 
* [[StartupScreen]] (Macintosh SCRN, .scrn?)
 
* [[StartupScreen]] (Macintosh SCRN, .scrn?)
* [[STV]]
 
* [[System 7 clip]]
 
* [[TBC]]
 
* [[TCL]]
 
* [[TN]]
 
 
== Unknown ==
 
''(Formats that are difficult or impossible to identify, and which may be deleted from this page)''
 
 
* [[.D]]
 
* [[NCG]]
 
* [[Palette]]
 
* [[TEX]] ''(Could be any of a number of TEXture formats.)''
 
  
 
==Links and Resources==
 
==Links and Resources==
Line 682: Line 732:
 
* [http://www.theatlantic.com/technology/archive/2013/01/the-never-before-told-story-of-the-worlds-first-computer-art-its-a-sexy-dame/267439/ World's first computer art (1950s pinup image)]
 
* [http://www.theatlantic.com/technology/archive/2013/01/the-never-before-told-story-of-the-worlds-first-computer-art-its-a-sexy-dame/267439/ World's first computer art (1950s pinup image)]
 
* [http://www.wired.com/underwire/2013/05/star-trek-art-atoms-ibm Art created with atoms]
 
* [http://www.wired.com/underwire/2013/05/star-trek-art-atoms-ibm Art created with atoms]
* [http://fabiensanglard.net/rayTracing_back_of_business_card/ Raytracer program code that fits on a business card]
 
 
* [http://www.textfiles.com/programming/FORMATS/xga.pro XGA: A New Graphics Standard]
 
* [http://www.textfiles.com/programming/FORMATS/xga.pro XGA: A New Graphics Standard]
 
* [http://www.jagregory.com/abrash-black-book/ Michael Abrash’s Graphics Programming Black Book, Special Edition]
 
* [http://www.jagregory.com/abrash-black-book/ Michael Abrash’s Graphics Programming Black Book, Special Edition]
Line 694: Line 743:
 
* [http://ianmilligan.ca/2014/07/21/image-file-extensions-in-the-wide-web-scrape/ Image File Extensions in the Wide Web Scrape]
 
* [http://ianmilligan.ca/2014/07/21/image-file-extensions-in-the-wide-web-scrape/ Image File Extensions in the Wide Web Scrape]
 
* [http://questionsomething.wordpress.com/2012/07/26/databending-using-audacity-effects/ Databending effects of editing images with a sound editor]
 
* [http://questionsomething.wordpress.com/2012/07/26/databending-using-audacity-effects/ Databending effects of editing images with a sound editor]
* [http://www.imagemagick.org/script/identify.php ImageMagick Identify Command-line Tool]
 
 
* [http://bertolami.com/index.php?engine=blog&content=posts&detail=perceptual-hashing Perceptual Hashing]
 
* [http://bertolami.com/index.php?engine=blog&content=posts&detail=perceptual-hashing Perceptual Hashing]
 
* [http://8bitartwork.co.uk/ Retrospecs: iOS app to convert images to imitate old 8-bit systems' graphics]
 
* [http://8bitartwork.co.uk/ Retrospecs: iOS app to convert images to imitate old 8-bit systems' graphics]
 
* [http://alvyray.com/Memos/CG/Microsoft/6_pixel.pdf A Pixel Is Not A Little Square]
 
* [http://alvyray.com/Memos/CG/Microsoft/6_pixel.pdf A Pixel Is Not A Little Square]
 
* [http://literarymachin.es/deepzoom-osd-server/ Serve deepzoom images from a zip archive with openseadragon]
 
* [http://literarymachin.es/deepzoom-osd-server/ Serve deepzoom images from a zip archive with openseadragon]
* [http://iipimage.sourceforge.net/2014/12/iiif IIIF – The International Image Interoperability Framework]
 
* [http://iiif.io/ IIIF official site]
 
* [https://stacks.stanford.edu/file/druid:df650pk4327/2015ARCHIVING_IIIF.pdf The International Image Interoperability Framework (IIIF): A community & technology approach for web-based images]
 
 
* [http://creativeshory.com/know-use-image-file-types-jpeg-gif-png/ Know When to Use Image File Types: JPEG, GIF & PNG]
 
* [http://creativeshory.com/know-use-image-file-types-jpeg-gif-png/ Know When to Use Image File Types: JPEG, GIF & PNG]
 
* [http://stackoverflow.com/questions/27974945/can-we-programatically-compare-different-images-of-same-resolutions/27976171#27976171 Can we programatically compare different images of same resolutions?]
 
* [http://stackoverflow.com/questions/27974945/can-we-programatically-compare-different-images-of-same-resolutions/27976171#27976171 Can we programatically compare different images of same resolutions?]
Line 709: Line 754:
 
* [http://potrace.sourceforge.net/ Potrace: Transforming bitmaps into vector graphics]
 
* [http://potrace.sourceforge.net/ Potrace: Transforming bitmaps into vector graphics]
 
* [http://cloudinary.com/blog/one_pixel_is_worth_three_thousand_words About a 1x1 image in many file formats]
 
* [http://cloudinary.com/blog/one_pixel_is_worth_three_thousand_words About a 1x1 image in many file formats]
 +
* [http://tomseditor.com/ Tom's Editor: Free online image converted. About 500 formats supported]
 +
* [http://whatis.rest7.com/ WhatIs.Rest7: Image formats explained. Lots of samples]
 +
* [http://de77.com/find/image Image libraries for PHP: BMP, DDS, TGA, PNM, PGM, PBM]
 +
* [http://whatis.rest7.com/Atari Lots of images from Atari]

Latest revision as of 21:42, 14 November 2019

File Format
Name Graphics
Ontology

Mona Lisa

Mona Lisa

Electronic Formats concerned with Image Data.

See also:

Other lists of formats:

Contents

[edit] Animated image formats

See also Video.

[edit] Character-based graphics

See Character encoding for details of character sets, some of which include graphical or line-and-box-drawing characters.

[edit] Colors

(Profiles, color spaces, palettes, swatches)

[edit] Compression

Special-purpose compression algorithms and formats that may be used in multiple image file formats.

See also Compression, for general-purpose algorithms.

[edit] Icon, Cursor, and Avatar files

(Formats often used for icons, cursors, avatars, thumbnails, etc.)

[edit] Metadata Formats

[edit] Online/Networked Formats

(while any image format can be used online and through a network, these are specifically designed to be accessed remotely via an API)

[edit] Programming languages

(Graphic-specific programming languages)

[edit] Raster Graphics Formats

[edit] Skins / Themes

(Used to give custom styles, appearances, and themes to software; might be bundled with Icon, Cursor, and Avatar files consistent with the theme)

[edit] Software

(Applications, utilities, libraries, and APIs for graphic manipulation)

Refer to Graphics software.

[edit] Vector Graphics Formats

(Including most "metafile" formats. Vector formats often support embedded raster images, and other objects that aren't actually vectors.)

See also:

[edit] Miscellaneous or Uncategorized

(Formats which don't fit into another category, or still need to be categorized)

[edit] Links and Resources

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