FLAC

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(Added provisional mimetypes, based on https://wiki.xiph.org/MIME_Types_and_File_Extensions#.flac_-_audio.2Fflac and Wikipedia)
(Identification)
 
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* data integrity
 
* data integrity
 
* error resistant (bit faults are contained within a frame, typically a fraction of a second)
 
* error resistant (bit faults are contained within a frame, typically a fraction of a second)
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== Identification ==
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When FLAC is used as a file format, it begins with the ASCII signature "{{magic|fLaC}}".
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In rare cases, this signature may appear following an ID3v2 segment; see [[ID3#Identification]].
  
 
== Playback ==
 
== Playback ==
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* [http://www.winamp.com/ Winamp] (Windows, commercial)
 
* [http://www.winamp.com/ Winamp] (Windows, commercial)
  
For more software products which support FLAC, see the [http://flac.sourceforge.net/links.html FLAC links page]
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FLAC is also natively supported by Mozilla's Firefox browser, starting from Firefox 51. For more software products which support FLAC, see the [http://flac.sourceforge.net/links.html FLAC links page]
  
 
== Specifications ==
 
== Specifications ==
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* [http://www.dustbury.com/archives/17227 Commentary about Audi car not playing high-bitrate FLACs]
 
* [http://www.dustbury.com/archives/17227 Commentary about Audi car not playing high-bitrate FLACs]
 
* [http://dericed.com/2013/flac-in-the-archives/ FLAC in the archives]
 
* [http://dericed.com/2013/flac-in-the-archives/ FLAC in the archives]
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* [https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/Web/HTML/Supported_media_formats Mozilla Firefox supported media formats list]
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* [http://www.ghacks.net/2016/08/30/firefox-51-flac-audio-codec-support/ Firefox 51: FLAC Audio Codec Support]

Latest revision as of 15:24, 26 October 2018

File Format
Name FLAC
Ontology
Extension(s) .flac
MIME Type(s) audio/x-flac,audio/flac
PRONOM fmt/279

FLAC is a Free Lossless Audio Codec. It can encode audio with a PCM bit resolution up to 32 bits per sample and sampling rates up to 640 kHz. FLAC-encoded audio is usually found either in a native container (which has the extension .flac), or in an Ogg container (when it's known as OggFLAC).

The format is open and royalty-free. The reference implementation is cross-platform and dual-licensed, command-line utilities (e.g. encoder, decoder and metadata editor) use GNU GPL and code libraries use BSD.

FLAC is suitable for archiving for many reasons:

  • open format
  • support for metadata tagging
  • lossless (no generation loss if you need to convert to another format)
  • disk size effective (audio is typically reduced to 50-60% of original size)
  • data integrity
  • error resistant (bit faults are contained within a frame, typically a fraction of a second)

Contents

[edit] Identification

When FLAC is used as a file format, it begins with the ASCII signature "fLaC".

In rare cases, this signature may appear following an ID3v2 segment; see ID3#Identification.

[edit] Playback

[edit] Hardware

Many home stereo and portable hardware music players support the FLAC format. See the FLAC links page for an up-to-date list.

[edit] Software

A number of popular audio players support the FLAC format, including:

FLAC is also natively supported by Mozilla's Firefox browser, starting from Firefox 51. For more software products which support FLAC, see the FLAC links page

[edit] Specifications

[edit] Links

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