CCITT Group 3
CCITT Group 3 is a lossless compressed data format for bi-level images. It is also known as T4, T.4, Fax3, Group 3, G3, or ITU-T Fax Group 3. It is one of the formats used by fax machines. It is usually embedded in another image file format such as TIFF, but can be stored in a file by itself.
It comes in two main varieties: so-called 1-dimensional and 2-dimensional (though both are used on 2-dimensional images). The 1-dimensional variety uses Modified Huffman (MH) compression, and the 2-dimensional variety uses Modified READ (MR) compression.
Many of the formats listed in the Fax formats article use CCITT Group 3 compression.
In a TIFF file, compression codes 2, 3, and 32771 are varieties of CCITT Group 3 compression.