Audio and Music

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(Audio recording and sound waves)
(Game audio and music)
 
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|caption=Musical notation
 
|caption=Musical notation
 
}}
 
}}
 
== Introduction ==
 
 
[[Electronic_File_Formats|Electronic Formats]] concerned with audio and musical data, including sound recording, instrument control, musical notation, etc.
 
[[Electronic_File_Formats|Electronic Formats]] concerned with audio and musical data, including sound recording, instrument control, musical notation, etc.
  
 +
For additional multimedia formats that may contain audio, see [[Video]].
 +
 +
== Introduction ==
 
* For an excellent introduction to the issues around audio and video formats, see [http://www.avpreserve.com/blog/a-primer-on-codecs-for-moving-image-and-sound-archives-2/ A Primer on Codecs for Moving Image and Sound Archives - and 10 Recommendations for Codec Selection & Management] [http://www.avpreserve.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/04/AVPS_Codec_Primer.pdf PDF version]
 
* For an excellent introduction to the issues around audio and video formats, see [http://www.avpreserve.com/blog/a-primer-on-codecs-for-moving-image-and-sound-archives-2/ A Primer on Codecs for Moving Image and Sound Archives - and 10 Recommendations for Codec Selection & Management] [http://www.avpreserve.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/04/AVPS_Codec_Primer.pdf PDF version]
 
* [http://www.garymcgath.com/streamingprotocols.html Basics of streaming protocols]
 
* [http://www.garymcgath.com/streamingprotocols.html Basics of streaming protocols]
 +
 +
== Album formats ==
 +
(files containing entire music albums, with some track structure)
 +
* [[Connected Media Experience]] (CME, CMX)
 +
* [[iTunes LP]]
  
 
== Audio and sequencer software ==
 
== Audio and sequencer software ==
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* Pro Tools
 
* Pro Tools
 
** [[PTS]] (Pro Tools 7-9)  
 
** [[PTS]] (Pro Tools 7-9)  
** [[PTX]] (Pro Tools 10)
+
** [[PTX (Pro Tools)|PTX]] (Pro Tools 10)
 
* Propellerhead Reason
 
* Propellerhead Reason
 
** [[Propellerhead Reason NN-XT Patch File]] (.sx2)
 
** [[Propellerhead Reason NN-XT Patch File]] (.sx2)
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** [[Renoise instrument]] (.xrni)
 
** [[Renoise instrument]] (.xrni)
 
** [[Renoise DSP device-chain]] (.xrnt)
 
** [[Renoise DSP device-chain]] (.xrnt)
 +
* Roxio
 +
** [[DMSE]] (Sound Editor project)
 +
** [[DMSA]] (Music Disc Creator project)
 
* SeaTone
 
* SeaTone
 
** [[SeaTone song]] (.pxt)
 
** [[SeaTone song]] (.pxt)
 +
* [[SoundDesigner II]] (.sd2)
 
* Steinberg
 
* Steinberg
 
** [[CUBASE]]
 
** [[CUBASE]]
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** [[RealAudio]] (.ra)
 
** [[RealAudio]] (.ra)
 
** [[Speex]] (.spx)
 
** [[Speex]] (.spx)
 +
** [[SWA]]
 
** [[Vorbis]] (.logg, .oga, .ogg)
 
** [[Vorbis]] (.logg, .oga, .ogg)
 
** [[WMA]] (Windows Media Audio)
 
** [[WMA]] (Windows Media Audio)
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** [[Bonk]] (lossy/lossless audio compression)
 
** [[Bonk]] (lossy/lossless audio compression)
 
** [[INRS-Telecom file]] (.aud)
 
** [[INRS-Telecom file]] (.aud)
 +
** [[SIFF]] (.son)
 
** [[SPPACK]] (.d)
 
** [[SPPACK]] (.d)
 
** [[WVE (Psion)]]
 
** [[WVE (Psion)]]
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* [[Core Audio Format]] (.caf)
 
* [[Core Audio Format]] (.caf)
 
* [[Extensible Music Format]] (.xmf)
 
* [[Extensible Music Format]] (.xmf)
 +
* [[IFF]]
 
* [[Matroska Audio]] (.mka)
 
* [[Matroska Audio]] (.mka)
 
* [[MP4]] (MPEG-4 Part 14 media container)
 
* [[MP4]] (MPEG-4 Part 14 media container)
 
* [[Ogg]] (.ogg, .oga, .ogx, .spx, .opus)
 
* [[Ogg]] (.ogg, .oga, .ogx, .spx, .opus)
 +
* [[Qualcomm QCP]] (Purevoice)
 
* [[Rich Music Format]] (.rmf)
 
* [[Rich Music Format]] (.rmf)
 
* [[RealMedia]] (.rm)
 
* [[RealMedia]] (.rm)
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* [[Atari SoundHeader]] (SNDH)
 
* [[Atari SoundHeader]] (SNDH)
 
* [[AY]] (Amstrad CPC / ZX Spectrum)
 
* [[AY]] (Amstrad CPC / ZX Spectrum)
 +
* [[AZX]] (ZX Spectrum)
 
* [[Custom Amiga Module]] (CUST)
 
* [[Custom Amiga Module]] (CUST)
 
* [[DSF]] (Dreamcast [[Portable Sound Format|PSF]])
 
* [[DSF]] (Dreamcast [[Portable Sound Format|PSF]])
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** [[ProPacker 2.1]] (.pp21)
 
** [[ProPacker 2.1]] (.pp21)
 
** [[ProPacker 3.0]] (.pp30)
 
** [[ProPacker 3.0]] (.pp30)
** [[Prorunner 1.0]] (.prun1)
+
** [[Prorunner]] (.prun1, .prun2)
** [[Prorunner 2.0]] (.prun2)
+
 
** [[Richard Joseph]] or Vectordean (.rjp)
 
** [[Richard Joseph]] or Vectordean (.rjp)
 
** [[Rob Hubbard]] (.rh, .rho)
 
** [[Rob Hubbard]] (.rh, .rho)
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** [[Sean Connolly]] (.scn)
 
** [[Sean Connolly]] (.scn)
 
** [[Sean Conran]] (.scr)
 
** [[Sean Conran]] (.scr)
** [[Sidmon]] (.sid)
+
** [[Sidmon]] (.sid, .sid2)
** [[Sidmon II]] (.sid2)
+
 
** [[Silmarils]] (.mok)
 
** [[Silmarils]] (.mok)
 
** [[SKYT Packer]] (.skyt)
 
** [[SKYT Packer]] (.skyt)
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** [[Synth Pack]] (.osp)
 
** [[Synth Pack]] (.osp)
 
** [[The Musical Enlightenment]] (.tme)
 
** [[The Musical Enlightenment]] (.tme)
** [[The Player 2.2a]] (.p22a)
+
** [[The Player]] (.p22a, .p30a, .p40a, .p40b, .p50a, .p60a, .p61a)
** [[The Player 3.0a]] (.p30a)
+
** [[The Player 4.0a]] (.p40a)
+
** [[The Player 4.0b]] (.p40b)
+
** [[The Player 5.0a]] (.p50a)
+
** [[The Player 6.0a]] (.p60a)
+
** [[The Player 6.1a]] (.p61a)
+
 
** [[Titanics Player]] (.ttp)
 
** [[Titanics Player]] (.ttp)
 
** [[Tracker Packer 1]] (.tp1)
 
** [[Tracker Packer 1]] (.tp1)
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** [[DE2]] (ADPCM)
 
** [[DE2]] (ADPCM)
 
** [[Xbox IMA ADPCM]] (.matx, .wavm, .wvs, .xmu, .xvas, .xwav)
 
** [[Xbox IMA ADPCM]] (.matx, .wavm, .wvs, .xmu, .xvas, .xwav)
 +
* Mojang AB (Minecraft)
 +
** [[Minecraft sounds.json]]
 
* Nintendo
 
* Nintendo
 
** [[Advanced Mario Sequencer file]] (.mss)
 
** [[Advanced Mario Sequencer file]] (.mss)
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* Origin Software
 
* Origin Software
 
** [[Ultima 6 Music]] (.m)
 
** [[Ultima 6 Music]] (.m)
 +
* PC-98 and PC-88
 +
** [[Professional Music Driver PMD]] (.m, .m2)
 
* Pixel
 
* Pixel
 
** [[PMD (Pixel)]]
 
** [[PMD (Pixel)]]
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== Music trackers ==
 
== Music trackers ==
 +
(For more on this subject, listen to [https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=v0nNuUKeh6o Jason Scott Talks His Way Out Of It: The Music Tracker Episode].)
  
 
* [[1tracker module]] (.1tm)
 
* [[1tracker module]] (.1tm)
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** [[MSS (MIDI)|MSS]] ([[MIDI]] Clone)
 
** [[MSS (MIDI)|MSS]] ([[MIDI]] Clone)
 
** [[RIFF MIDI]]
 
** [[RIFF MIDI]]
 +
** [[RIFF MIDS]]
 
** [[Scalable Polyphony MIDI]]
 
** [[Scalable Polyphony MIDI]]
 
** [[SFARK]] (SoundFont archive compressed file)
 
** [[SFARK]] (SoundFont archive compressed file)
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*** [[CapXML]] (.capx)
 
*** [[CapXML]] (.capx)
 
** [[ChordML]]
 
** [[ChordML]]
 +
** [[ConcertWare]]
 
** Copyist
 
** Copyist
 
*** [[CP4]]
 
*** [[CP4]]
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* [[RAM (RealAudio)]]
 
* [[RAM (RealAudio)]]
 
* [[SMIL]] (W3C open standard)
 
* [[SMIL]] (W3C open standard)
* [[WPL]] (Windows Media Playlist)
+
* [[Windows Media Metafile]] (.asx, .wax, .wxv)
 +
* [[Windows Media Playlist]] (.wpl)
 
* [[XML Sharable Playlist]]
 
* [[XML Sharable Playlist]]
  
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* [[MSF]]
 
* [[MSF]]
 
* [[MTAF]]
 
* [[MTAF]]
 +
* [[The Music Studio|Music Studio, The]] (Activision / Audio Light) (.sng, .song, .mss, .snd, .sound)
 
* [[S98]] (NEC PC-98)
 
* [[S98]] (NEC PC-98)
 
* [[SD]] (ESPS sampled data file)
 
* [[SD]] (ESPS sampled data file)
* [[SGI]] (Sound Generator 3.0 instrument)
+
* [[SGI (Sound Generator)|SGI]] (Sound Generator 3.0 instrument)
 
* [[SNG (SCC Musixx)|SNG]] (SCC Musixx)
 
* [[SNG (SCC Musixx)|SNG]] (SCC Musixx)
 
* [[Sound Effect Editor]] (.see, MSX)
 
* [[Sound Effect Editor]] (.see, MSX)
 +
* [[SoundHelix XML]]
 
* [[TFMX]] (TFMX)
 
* [[TFMX]] (TFMX)
 
* [[Vivaldi]] (RISC OS)
 
* [[Vivaldi]] (RISC OS)

Latest revision as of 17:35, 26 May 2020

File Format
Name Audio and Music
Ontology

Musical notation

Musical notation

Electronic Formats concerned with audio and musical data, including sound recording, instrument control, musical notation, etc.

For additional multimedia formats that may contain audio, see Video.

Contents

[edit] Introduction

[edit] Album formats

(files containing entire music albums, with some track structure)

[edit] Audio and sequencer software

[edit] Audio recording and sound waves

[edit] Chiptune

[edit] Configuration files

  • X2A (Yamaha S70xs/S90xs keyboard workstations)

[edit] Container formats

[edit] Converters

[edit] Emulated music

[edit] Game audio and music

(see also Game data files)

[edit] Metadata formats and related data

[edit] Music trackers

(For more on this subject, listen to Jason Scott Talks His Way Out Of It: The Music Tracker Episode.)

[edit] Musical instrument control

[edit] Musical notation

[edit] Playlists, music libraries, music store downloaders

[edit] Programming languages and APIs (audio/music-specific)

[edit] Ringtones

[edit] Signal processing

These aren't specific file formats, but generic mathematical methods used by other file formats.

[edit] Sound card related formats

[edit] Speech synthesis

[edit] Unclassified (need to move to other categories)

See the Open Cubic Player homepage for a list of demo formats: http://www.cubic.org/player/features.html

See also Piano Rolls (which is under the Physical File Formats).

[edit] Links

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