Archiving

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* [[BAR (Age of Mythology)]]
 
* [[BAR (Age of Mythology)]]
 
* [[bar]] (SunOS 4)
 
* [[bar]] (SunOS 4)
 +
* [[CAR (CarComp)]]
 
* [[cpio]] (.cpio)
 
* [[cpio]] (.cpio)
 
* [[FAR (The Sims)]] (.far)
 
* [[FAR (The Sims)]] (.far)
 +
* [[Flash (Micro TECH Systems)]] (.flh)
 
* [[Hamster archive]]
 
* [[Hamster archive]]
 
* [[LBR]] (.lbr)
 
* [[LBR]] (.lbr)
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* [[Quake PAK]]
 
* [[Quake PAK]]
 
* [[SeqBox]] (.sbx)
 
* [[SeqBox]] (.sbx)
 +
* [[siva]] (.siva)
 
* [[Tape Archive]] (.tar)
 
* [[Tape Archive]] (.tar)
 +
* [[TPAC (Tim Gordon)]]
 
* [[VIV]] (.viv, .big; used in Electronic Arts games)
 
* [[VIV]] (.viv, .big; used in Electronic Arts games)
 
* [[Webarchive (Safari)]]
 
* [[Webarchive (Safari)]]
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* [[AIN]] (.ain)
 
* [[AIN]] (.ain)
 
* [[ALZ]] (.alz) (ALZip)
 
* [[ALZ]] (.alz) (ALZip)
 +
* [[AMG (compressed archive)|AMG]] (AMGC)
 
* [[AR7]]
 
* [[AR7]]
 
* [[ARC (compression format)|ARC]] (PC/MS-DOS) (.arc)
 
* [[ARC (compression format)|ARC]] (PC/MS-DOS) (.arc)
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* [[ARC (Internet Archive)]] (gzipped form: .arc.gz)
 
* [[ARC (Internet Archive)]] (gzipped form: .arc.gz)
 
* [[ArcFS]] (RISC OS) (.arc)
 
* [[ArcFS]] (RISC OS) (.arc)
 +
* [[ArcMac]]
 
* [[ARG]]
 
* [[ARG]]
 
* [[ARJ]]
 
* [[ARJ]]
 +
* [[ARX]]
 +
* [[ASD Archiver]]
 
* [[Astrotite]] (.afa)
 
* [[Astrotite]] (.afa)
 
* [[B6Z]] (.b6z)
 
* [[B6Z]] (.b6z)
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* [[BlakHole]] (.bh)
 
* [[BlakHole]] (.bh)
 
* [[BRU]] - (RSX-11M backup)
 
* [[BRU]] - (RSX-11M backup)
 +
* [[BSArc and BSA]]
 
* [[Cabinet]] (.cab)
 
* [[Cabinet]] (.cab)
* [[CAR]] (a SAP archive format; also see [[SAR]])
+
* [[CAR (SAP)|CAR]] (a SAP archive format; also see [[SAR]])
 +
* [[CAR (MylesHi!)]]
 
* [[CFL]] (Compressed file library) (.cfl)
 
* [[CFL]] (Compressed file library) (.cfl)
 +
* [[ChiefLZ]] (LZA)
 
* [[CMZ (archive format)|CMZ]]
 
* [[CMZ (archive format)|CMZ]]
 +
* [[CODEC (Telvox)]]
 
* [[Compact File Set]] (.cfs)
 
* [[Compact File Set]] (.cfs)
 
* [[Compact Pro]] (.cpt)
 
* [[Compact Pro]] (.cpt)
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* [[IMP]] (.imp)
 
* [[IMP]] (.imp)
 
* [[JAR (ARJ Software)]] (.j)
 
* [[JAR (ARJ Software)]] (.j)
 +
* [[JARCS]] (.jar)
 
* [[JRchive]] (.jrc)
 
* [[JRchive]] (.jrc)
 
* [[KGB Archiver]] (.kgb)
 
* [[KGB Archiver]] (.kgb)
 
* [[Konqueror web archive]] (.war)
 
* [[Konqueror web archive]] (.war)
 
* [[LHA]] (.lzh, .lha)
 
* [[LHA]] (.lzh, .lha)
 +
* [[LHARK]]
 
* [[LHice]]
 
* [[LHice]]
 
* [[LIMIT]] (.lim)
 
* [[LIMIT]] (.lim)
 
* [[LZX]] (.lzx)
 
* [[LZX]] (.lzx)
 
* [[MAFF]] (Mozilla web archive; uses ZIP for compression)
 
* [[MAFF]] (Mozilla web archive; uses ZIP for compression)
 +
* [[MAr (Melting-Pot)]]
 
* [[MDCD]] (.md)
 
* [[MDCD]] (.md)
 +
* [[Micrognosis Compression Archiver]] (MAR)
 
* [[Now Compress]]
 
* [[Now Compress]]
 
* [[NuFX]] (.bxy)
 
* [[NuFX]] (.bxy)
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* [[RKIVE]] (.rkv)
 
* [[RKIVE]] (.rkv)
 
* [[S7z]] (.s7z)
 
* [[S7z]] (.s7z)
* [[SAR]] (a SAP archive format; also see [[CAR]])
+
* [[SAR]] (a SAP archive format; also see [[CAR (SAP)|CAR]])
 +
* [[SAR (Streamline Design)]]
 
* [[Scifer]] (.sen, .ba, .xml)
 
* [[Scifer]] (.sen, .ba, .xml)
 
* [[ShrinkIt]] (.shk)
 
* [[ShrinkIt]] (.shk)
* [[siva]] [https://github.com/src-d/go-siva]
 
 
* [[Slim!]]
 
* [[Slim!]]
 
* [[Softlib]] (Softdisk Publishing) (.slb)
 
* [[Softlib]] (Softdisk Publishing) (.slb)
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* [[XP3]] (.xp3) - used in [[KiriKiri Adventure Game System]]
 
* [[XP3]] (.xp3) - used in [[KiriKiri Adventure Game System]]
 
* [[XPACK]] (.xpa)
 
* [[XPACK]] (.xpa)
 +
* [[YAC]] (.yc)
 
* [[Yamazaki zipper archive]] (.yz1) - used in DeepFreezer
 
* [[Yamazaki zipper archive]] (.yz1) - used in DeepFreezer
 
* [[ZIP]] (.zip)
 
* [[ZIP]] (.zip)
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* [[XIP]]
 
* [[XIP]]
 
* [[ZED]]
 
* [[ZED]]
 +
 +
== File splitting ==
 +
(1 file => multiple files. Most file splitting utilities just produce raw file fragments, and don't have a native file format. But some use a container format, and some create a separate "control" file for metadata.)
 +
 +
* [[AUTOCHOP]]
 +
* [[LambChop]]
 +
* [[SPLIT (M. Dingacci)]]
 +
 +
Also, the two sorts of [[Horcrux]], [[Horcrux (jesseduffield)]] and [[Horcrux (kndyry)]], are split-and-encrypted files.
  
 
== Filesystem backup and restoration ==
 
== Filesystem backup and restoration ==
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* [[Bundle file (OS X)]]
 
* [[Bundle file (OS X)]]
 
* [[Cabal]]
 
* [[Cabal]]
 +
* [[Cakewalk Bundle (BUN)]]
 +
* [[Cakewalk Bundle (CWB)]]
 
* [[Cross-Platform Installer Module]]
 
* [[Cross-Platform Installer Module]]
 
* [[deb]] (Debian package)
 
* [[deb]] (Debian package)
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* [[Olive]] (executable virtual-machine archive of software)
 
* [[Olive]] (executable virtual-machine archive of software)
 
* [[Package File (OS X)]] (.pkg)
 
* [[Package File (OS X)]] (.pkg)
 +
* [[PackageForTheWeb]]
 
* [[RPM]] (RedHat Package Manager)
 
* [[RPM]] (RedHat Package Manager)
 
* [[SIS]] (Symbian)
 
* [[SIS]] (Symbian)
 
* [[Snap]]
 
* [[Snap]]
 +
* [[SWG]] (SWAG)
 +
* [[Unity package file]]
 
* [[WAD (Wii)]]
 
* [[WAD (Wii)]]
 
* [[Windows Installer]] (.msi, .msp)
 
* [[Windows Installer]] (.msi, .msp)
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== Software ==
 
== Software ==
Some multi-format utilities are listed at [[Conversion Software#Archives]].
+
Creation/extraction/conversion:
 +
* Some multi-format utilities are listed at [[Conversion Software#Archives]].
 +
 
 +
Identification (see also [[File identification software]]):
 +
* [[IDArc]]
  
 
== Transfer formats ==
 
== Transfer formats ==

Latest revision as of 16:52, 22 November 2020

File Format
Name Archiving
Ontology

{{{caption}}}

(Lossless, for generic data + file archives)

See also: Compression, Error detection and correction

Contents

[edit] Archiving only

(many files => 1 file, no compression attempted)

[edit] Compression + archiving

(Multiple files => 1 file, makes it smaller. See Compression for formats that compress single files/streams, and Disk Image Formats for formats that capture the low-level structure of a disk)

[edit] Diff files

(containing only the parts of a file that have changed, so they can be applied to an existing file to update it; used for update distribution and incremental backups)

See also Wikipedia:Data differencing.

[edit] Encrypted or cryptographically signed archives

[edit] File splitting

(1 file => multiple files. Most file splitting utilities just produce raw file fragments, and don't have a native file format. But some use a container format, and some create a separate "control" file for metadata.)

Also, the two sorts of Horcrux, Horcrux (jesseduffield) and Horcrux (kndyry), are split-and-encrypted files.

[edit] Filesystem backup and restoration

Formats designed for backing up disks, usually specifically targeted at particular filesystems (but backing it up in the form of file structures, not raw sector images like Disk Image Formats).

[edit] Institutional archiving

[edit] Metadata formats

(see also Metadata, Bibliographic data)

[edit] Miscellaneous

[edit] Program/App/Applet/Installer specialized archive formats

[edit] Self-extracting archives

(in addition, some of the other archivers are able to produce executable files for some platform which include the archived data and a program to extract them, and generally have the file extension normal for executables, such as .exe for DOS/Windows. In many cases, if you rename the extension to the appropriate one for the archive type involved, e.g., .zip, the file will open in the appropriate archiver, which is handy for extracting them on systems not compatible with the original executable.)

[edit] Software

Creation/extraction/conversion:

Identification (see also File identification software):

[edit] Transfer formats

(encapsulate a system-specific file structure to make it compatible with foreign systems, file transfer protocols, etc.)

For low-level transfer encodings, see Transfer Encodings.

[edit] Links

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