Archiving

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(Compression + archiving)
(Filesystem backup and restoration)
 
(7 intermediate revisions by 2 users not shown)
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* [[Mozilla Archive]] (.mar)
 
* [[Mozilla Archive]] (.mar)
 
* [[pax]]
 
* [[pax]]
 +
* [[Quake PAK]]
 
* [[SeqBox]] (.sbx)
 
* [[SeqBox]] (.sbx)
 
* [[Tape Archive]] (.tar)
 
* [[Tape Archive]] (.tar)
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* [[Cabinet]] (.cab)
 
* [[Cabinet]] (.cab)
 
* [[CAR]] (a SAP archive format; also see [[SAR]])
 
* [[CAR]] (a SAP archive format; also see [[SAR]])
 +
* [[CMZ (archive format)|CMZ]]
 
* [[Compact File Set]] (.cfs)
 
* [[Compact File Set]] (.cfs)
 
* [[Compact Pro]] (.cpt)
 
* [[Compact Pro]] (.cpt)
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* [[UltraCompressor II]] (.uc, .uc0, .uc2, .ucn, .ur2, .ue2)
 
* [[UltraCompressor II]] (.uc, .uc0, .uc2, .ucn, .ur2, .ue2)
 
* [[WARC]] (.warc, .warc.gz)
 
* [[WARC]] (.warc, .warc.gz)
* [[xar]] (.xar)
+
* [[xar (Extensible Archive)]] (.xar)
 
* [[XP3]] (.xp3) - used in [[KiriKiri Adventure Game System]]
 
* [[XP3]] (.xp3) - used in [[KiriKiri Adventure Game System]]
 
* [[Yamazaki zipper archive]] (.yz1) - used in DeepFreezer
 
* [[Yamazaki zipper archive]] (.yz1) - used in DeepFreezer
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* [[Partimage]]  
 
* [[Partimage]]  
 
* [[ufsdump]]
 
* [[ufsdump]]
 +
* [[Unix dump]]
 
* [[Windows Imaging Format]] (.wim, .swm)
 
* [[Windows Imaging Format]] (.wim, .swm)
  
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== Program/App/Applet/Installer specialized archive formats ==
 
== Program/App/Applet/Installer specialized archive formats ==
 
* [[APK]] (Android app)
 
* [[APK]] (Android app)
* [[Bento]] (1990s Apple cross-platform compound content format)
 
 
* [[Bundle file (Linux)]]
 
* [[Bundle file (Linux)]]
 
* [[Bundle file (OS X)]]
 
* [[Bundle file (OS X)]]
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* [[Cross-Platform Installer Module]]
 
* [[Cross-Platform Installer Module]]
 
* [[deb]] (Debian package)
 
* [[deb]] (Debian package)
* [[GEOS Convert]] (.cvt)
 
 
* [[IPS archive|Image Packaging System (IPS) archive]] (.p5p)
 
* [[IPS archive|Image Packaging System (IPS) archive]] (.p5p)
 
* [[IPS manifest|Image Packaging System (IPS) manifest]] (.p5m)
 
* [[IPS manifest|Image Packaging System (IPS) manifest]] (.p5m)
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* [[RPM]] (RedHat Package Manager)
 
* [[RPM]] (RedHat Package Manager)
 
* [[SIS]] (Symbian)
 
* [[SIS]] (Symbian)
* [[TI variable file]]
+
* [[Snap]] [https://docs.snapcraft.io/the-snap-format/698]
 
* [[Windows Installer]] (.msi, .msp)
 
* [[Windows Installer]] (.msi, .msp)
 +
* [[XAR (Executable Archive)]]
  
 
== Self-extracting archives ==
 
== Self-extracting archives ==
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* [[shar]] (Shell Archive, in Unix-like systems)
 
* [[shar]] (Shell Archive, in Unix-like systems)
  
== Transfer encodings ==
+
== Transfer formats ==
(convert binaries to printable ASCII for download; encode resource forks or metadata together with file, etc.)
+
(encapsulate a system-specific file structure to make it compatible with foreign systems, file transfer protocols, etc.)
* [[Ascii85]]
+
* [[AppleDouble]]
 +
* [[AppleSingle]]
 +
* [[Bento]] (1990s Apple cross-platform compound content format)
 
* [[Binary II]] (.bny) (for Apple II series) (often [[squeeze]]d as .bqy)
 
* [[Binary II]] (.bny) (for Apple II series) (often [[squeeze]]d as .bqy)
 
* [[BinHex]] (.hqx)
 
* [[BinHex]] (.hqx)
 +
* [[GEOS Convert]] (.cvt)
 
* [[MacBinary]]
 
* [[MacBinary]]
 +
* [[TI variable file]]
  
See also the main article, [[Transfer Encodings]].
+
For low-level transfer encodings, see [[Transfer Encodings]].
  
 
== Links ==
 
== Links ==

Latest revision as of 05:18, 26 January 2019

File Format
Name Archiving
Ontology

{{{caption}}}

(Lossless, for generic data + file archives)

See also: Compression, Error detection and correction

Contents

[edit] Archiving only

(many files => 1 file, no compression attempted)

[edit] Compression + archiving

(Multiple files => 1 file, makes it smaller. See Compression for formats that compress single files/streams, and Disk Image Formats for formats that capture the low-level structure of a disk)

[edit] Diff files

(containing only the parts of a file that have changed, so they can be applied to an existing file to update it; used for update distribution and incremental backups)

See also Wikipedia:Data differencing.

[edit] Encrypted or cryptographically signed archives

[edit] Filesystem backup and restoration

Formats designed for backing up disks, usually specifically targeted at particular filesystems (but backing it up in the form of file structures, not raw sector images like Disk Image Formats).

[edit] Institutional archiving

[edit] Metadata formats

(see also Metadata, Bibliographic data)

[edit] Miscellaneous

[edit] Program/App/Applet/Installer specialized archive formats

[edit] Self-extracting archives

(in addition, some of the other archivers are able to produce executable files for some platform which include the archived data and a program to extract them, and generally have the file extension normal for executables, such as .exe for DOS/Windows. In many cases, if you rename the extension to the appropriate one for the archive type involved, e.g., .zip, the file will open in the appropriate archiver, which is handy for extracting them on systems not compatible with the original executable.)

[edit] Transfer formats

(encapsulate a system-specific file structure to make it compatible with foreign systems, file transfer protocols, etc.)

For low-level transfer encodings, see Transfer Encodings.

[edit] Links

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