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(Program/App/Applet/Installer specialized archive formats)
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* [[RPM]] (RedHat Package Manager)
* [[RPM]] (RedHat Package Manager)
* [[SIS]] (Symbian)
* [[SIS]] (Symbian)
* [[Snap]] []
* [[Windows Installer]] (.msi, .msp)
* [[Windows Installer]] (.msi, .msp)
* [[XAR (Executable Archive)]]
* [[XAR (Executable Archive)]]

Latest revision as of 18:53, 6 December 2018

File Format
Name Archiving


(Lossless, for generic data + file archives)

See also: Compression, Error detection and correction


[edit] Archiving only

(many files => 1 file, no compression attempted)

[edit] Compression + archiving

(Multiple files => 1 file, makes it smaller. See Compression for formats that compress single files/streams, and Disk Image Formats for formats that capture the low-level structure of a disk)

[edit] Diff files

(containing only the parts of a file that have changed, so they can be applied to an existing file to update it; used for update distribution and incremental backups)

See also Wikipedia:Data differencing.

[edit] Encrypted or cryptographically signed archives

[edit] Filesystem backup and restoration

Formats designed for backing up disks, usually specifically targeted at particular filesystems (but backing it up in the form of file structures, not raw sector images like Disk Image Formats).

[edit] Institutional archiving

[edit] Metadata formats

(see also Metadata, Bibliographic data)

[edit] Miscellaneous

[edit] Program/App/Applet/Installer specialized archive formats

[edit] Self-extracting archives

(in addition, some of the other archivers are able to produce executable files for some platform which include the archived data and a program to extract them, and generally have the file extension normal for executables, such as .exe for DOS/Windows. In many cases, if you rename the extension to the appropriate one for the archive type involved, e.g., .zip, the file will open in the appropriate archiver, which is handy for extracting them on systems not compatible with the original executable.)

[edit] Transfer formats

(encapsulate a system-specific file structure to make it compatible with foreign systems, file transfer protocols, etc.)

For low-level transfer encodings, see Transfer Encodings.

[edit] Links

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